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The program interventions need to address the main determinants of STDs and implement activities that focus on educating ways to keep adolescence safe from STDs. Where the programs are held is important, for example in schools and health and community health centers. Schools can directly have a significant impact on what they learn about safe sex practices and STDs. The CDC has developed a community approach program to reduce STDs, it is called Community Approaches to Reducing Sexually Transmitted Diseases (CARS). “CARS projects accomplish their goals through community advisory boards, collaborative partnerships that 11
RUNNING HEAD: ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STDsleverage provider and community resources and expertise.” (CDC, 2018) CARS help to identifysocietal issues that contribute to disparities and develop interventions to address those issues. For example the access to quality healthcare, they assist is getting proper care for individuals thatmay not be able to get it. They also promote personal health and community wellness. Incorporating a program like CARS into schools will help to educate the youth and allow proper healthcare for all individuals not just the ones with health insurance. This program will help promote community wellness that will facilitate better public health outcomes through STD screening and public education. To ensure that teens and young adults are learning the proper information about STDs and safe sex, they need to learn about it in school. Developing a sex education program that is mandatory in all schools and all states will help to encourage proper education and safe sex practices. The sex education programs should occur in middle school and again in high school. According to the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) the registered professional school nurse is a valuable resource to parents and educators in the area of sex education and supports the implementation of evidence-based sexual health education programs that promote healthy sexual development for all students. School programs can collaborate with parents, students, health educators and other school and community stakeholders to dismantle barriers and support access to evidence-based sexual health education that allows all students to make informed, responsible, and healthy decisions. “Health education and promotion, disease prevention, and risk reduction are essential practice components for the 21st century school nurseto help students stay healthy, safe and ready to learn.” (NASN, 2016)There are some guidelines for improving the overall public health issue regarding STDs. It is important to educate and counsel individuals to avoid the risk of STDs through changes in 12
RUNNING HEAD: ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STDstheir sexual behavior. An accurate risk assessment should be performed by a health professional to determine if STD testing should be performed. There should be effective diagnosis, treatment and preventative vaccines given if available.