Adolescent sexual activity places adolescents at risk for pregnancy sexually

Adolescent sexual activity places adolescents at risk

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Adolescent sexual activity places adolescents at risk for pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and emo- tional distress. The decision to become sexually active is complex; it is influenced by parents, peers, religious involvement, and popular culture/media. Adolescents who begin to date earlier are more likely to become sexually active in high school. Sexual orientation can vary, but the vast majority of Americans (96.6%) identified as heterosexual in a CDC survey conducted in 2013 with fewer than 2% identifying as gay, lesbian, or bisexual. Individuals who identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual often experience significant negative outcomes if rejected by family members. While rates of teen pregnancy have decreased, the United States still has one of the highest rates in the de- veloped world. Teen moms face significant challenges in terms of health, education, and finances. Sexually transmitted infections pose a significant health risk for adolescents; over half of all new STIs are con- tracted by adolescents. Part-time employment in adolescence can be beneficial if the number of work hours are limited. Some studies have found increased substance abuse and delinquency among adolescents who work. Electronic media is a pervasive influence on adolescents today. Some troubling aspects of media use include so- cial media for bullying, increased danger of accidents due to texting while driving, exposure to excessive vio- lence, and increased risk of obesity due to screen time replacing physical activity. Excessive use of social media and video games is also associated with higher levels of depression.
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Brief Defining: Click on the blanks to reveal answer! 1. Differentiate among self-image, self-concept, self-percep- tion, and self-esteem. When adolescents begin to realize that they have con- tradictory understandings of who they believe them- selves to be as they begin to differentiate their social roles within relationships they are evaluating their self- image . During this time, self- concept becomes more complex, meaning adolescents begin to realize who they are and who they want to be, raising their self- esteem. Contradictions and conflicts in self- perception peak around age 14, then tends to decline. Adolescents’ ad- vancement into formal operations allows them to inte- grate certain aspects of themselves. Finally, self- es- teem tends to decrease as children move from middle childhood to about age 12–13; as adolescents’ cognitive development grows, so does their understanding of the difference between their real and ideal self. 4. Match the following statuses/coping strategies of Mar- cia’s Theory of Identity Development with their descrip- tion: A. Identity Diffusion This category reflects those who, following a period of crisis, have successfully explored their options, thinking through who they want to be, who they are, and what they would like to do. B. Foreclosure Individuals in this category make commitments without considering alternatives, taking and be- lieving the word of those around them.
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  • Spring '08
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