IOM Somalia Research on Youth Employment and Migration Figures 5 6 7 8

Iom somalia research on youth employment and

This preview shows page 25 - 28 out of 82 pages.

IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration Figures 5, 6, 7, 8 – International migration, status, time abroad and occupation abroad INTERNAL MIGRANTS Looking at the region of origin against the region of residence, we find that among internal migrants and internal migrant returnees, most moved within their own region, though more than a third of Puntland’s residents had been displaced from South Central Somalia. Figure 9 – Migrant region of origin by region (internal migrants and internal migrants-returnees) 22% 63% 47% 56% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Puntland Somaliland Have you ever lived abroad by region and age group % of migrant teenagers having lived abroad % of migrant young adults having lived abroad 48 74 26 28 8 6 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Puntland Somaliland Refugee status while abroad No Yes Unknown 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Time spent abroad in years 78 27 20 17 33 What did you do while abroad? Studies Stayed home Illegal Work Refugee Camp Other 109 11 14 154 69 5 18 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Puntland Somaliland Migrant region of origin by region Puntland Somaliland South Central Somalia Other
Image of page 25
26 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration The first dimension to bear in mind when analysing the situation of young migrants in all the surveyed cities is that they originated predominantly from another urban environment , with significant variations. Overall, migrants in Puntland were much more likely to come from a rural environment than those in Somaliland; while in Puntland, about three migrants out of eight came from rural areas, which was less than one out of five in Somaliland. This is a difference well beyond the margin of error. There were no dramatic intraregional differences from city to city, though Bossasso had a slightly larger rural contingent. Figure 10 – Rural vs. urban area of origin by city In Puntland, internal migrant s comprised half of all migrants, in addition to the 36±6% returnees who were also internal migrants. Less than one fourth of returnees who ultimately settled in Puntland remained in their principal place of resettlement. In Somaliland, internal migrants comprised over a third of migrants, but the proportion of internal migrant returnees was the same as in Puntland. Somaliland’s capital Hargeysa harbours relatively few internal migrants: returnees (settled and displaced) comprise three quarters of its migrant population. While the proportion of returnees who had migrated inside Somalia is more than 5 out of 6 in Burao, it is less than two thirds in Bossasso, Puntland. Family reasons ranked first as the drivers of internal migration, followed by economic reasons and forced migration – whether forced returns from abroad or conflict at home – that led them to continued internal migration. Figure 11 – Drivers of internal migration 18 17 33 39 77 76 64 56 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Hargeysa Burao Garowe Bossasso rural urban 82 56 20 10 9 8 19 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Family reasons Economic reasons Forced return Conflict Education To migrate further Other
Image of page 26
Image of page 27
Image of page 28

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 82 pages?

  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors