IOM Somalia Research on Youth Employment and Migration Figures 5 6 7 8

Iom somalia research on youth employment and

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IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration Figures 5, 6, 7, 8 – International migration, status, time abroad and occupation abroad INTERNAL MIGRANTS Looking at the region of origin against the region of residence, we find that among internal migrants and internal migrant returnees, most moved within their own region, though more than a third of Puntland’s residents had been displaced from South Central Somalia. Figure 9 – Migrant region of origin by region (internal migrants and internal migrants-returnees) 22% 63% 47% 56% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Puntland Somaliland Have you ever lived abroad by region and age group % of migrant teenagers having lived abroad % of migrant young adults having lived abroad 48 74 26 28 8 6 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Puntland Somaliland Refugee status while abroad No Yes Unknown 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Time spent abroad in years 78 27 20 17 33 What did you do while abroad? Studies Stayed home Illegal Work Refugee Camp Other 109 11 14 154 69 5 18 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Puntland Somaliland Migrant region of origin by region Puntland Somaliland South Central Somalia Other
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26 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration The first dimension to bear in mind when analysing the situation of young migrants in all the surveyed cities is that they originated predominantly from another urban environment , with significant variations. Overall, migrants in Puntland were much more likely to come from a rural environment than those in Somaliland; while in Puntland, about three migrants out of eight came from rural areas, which was less than one out of five in Somaliland. This is a difference well beyond the margin of error. There were no dramatic intraregional differences from city to city, though Bossasso had a slightly larger rural contingent. Figure 10 – Rural vs. urban area of origin by city In Puntland, internal migrant s comprised half of all migrants, in addition to the 36±6% returnees who were also internal migrants. Less than one fourth of returnees who ultimately settled in Puntland remained in their principal place of resettlement. In Somaliland, internal migrants comprised over a third of migrants, but the proportion of internal migrant returnees was the same as in Puntland. Somaliland’s capital Hargeysa harbours relatively few internal migrants: returnees (settled and displaced) comprise three quarters of its migrant population. While the proportion of returnees who had migrated inside Somalia is more than 5 out of 6 in Burao, it is less than two thirds in Bossasso, Puntland. Family reasons ranked first as the drivers of internal migration, followed by economic reasons and forced migration – whether forced returns from abroad or conflict at home – that led them to continued internal migration. Figure 11 – Drivers of internal migration 18 17 33 39 77 76 64 56 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Hargeysa Burao Garowe Bossasso rural urban 82 56 20 10 9 8 19 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Family reasons Economic reasons Forced return Conflict Education To migrate further Other
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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