The abrupt withdrawal of benzodiazepines opioids and

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The abrupt withdrawal of benzodiazepines, opioids, and amphetamines does not cause such severe and potentially fatal withdrawal symptoms. Question 10 1 out of 1 points A middle-aged patient was diagnosed with major depression after a suicide attempt several months ago and has failed to respond appreciably to treatment with SSRIs. As a result, his psychiatrist has prescribed phenelzine. When planning this patient's subsequent care, what nursing diagnosis should the nurse prioritize? Response Feedback: MAOIs such as phenelzine carry a significant risk of injury that results from the multiple interactions associated with these drugs. Infection, impaired tissue perfusion, and constipation are
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less common, and less serious, adverse effects. Question 11 1 out of 1 points The wife of a patient who is taking haloperidol calls the clinic and reports that her husband has taken the first dose of the drug and it is not having a therapeutic effect. An appropriate response by the nurse would be Response Feedback: The nurse should instruct the wife to continue offering her husband the drug and that it will probably take several days to reach its full therapeutic effect. The dosage would not be increased, decreased, or discontinued. Question 12 1 out of 1 points A patient who is experiencing acute alcohol withdrawal is being treated with intravenous lorazepam (Ativan). This drug achieves a therapeutic effect by Response Feedback : Like all benzodiazepines, lorazepam increases the effects of GABA, which has an inhibitory effect on the CNS. However, none of the benzodiazepines act like GABA or increase the amount of GABA present. MAOIs inhibit monoamine oxidase and tricyclic antidepressants primarily affect serotonin and norepinephrine levels. SSRIs increase the availability of serotonin in the synapses. Question 13 1 out of 1 points A nurse works in a sleep disorder clinic and is responsible for administering medications to the patients. Which of the following patients would be most likely to receive zaleplon (Sonata)? Response Feedback : The nurse will most likely administer the zaleplon to the 35-year- old man who is having difficulty falling asleep, but once asleep can stay asleep. Zolpidem would most likely be administered to the 20-year-old who will take a sleep aid only once a week. Eszopiclone (Lunesta) will be given to the 52-year-old woman who needs to fall asleep quickly and has trouble staying asleep. The 46-year-old man will likely receive trazodone (Desyrel). This drug is given as a sleep aid for a patient who is taking an antidepressant. Question 14 1 out of 1 points Which of the following drugs used to treat anxiety would be appropriate for a patient who is a school teacher and is concerned about feeling sedated at work?
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Response Feedback: Buspirone does not cause as much sedation and functional impairment as lorazepam, alprazolam, and diazepam. However, it can cause dizziness, nausea, headache, nervousness, lightheadedness, or excitement.
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  • Fall '13
  • adverse effects, Morphine, Benzodiazepine, Phenytoin, Lorazepam

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