One of the citys largest covered spaces the long nave of iron and glass was big

One of the citys largest covered spaces the long nave

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One of the city’s largest covered spaces, the long nave of iron and glass was big enough—and the architecture grand enough—for Pius to joke during construction that it could serve all of united Italy. Then, on 9 September 1870, freshly reinvigorated by the recent Vatican council on papal infallibility, Pius IX came to the train station to inaugurate a fountain. It would be his last public appearance in the city. rome, the capital of united italy Just a few days later, on 20 September, Rome joined the Italian nation as troops forced a breach in the walls at Porta Pia and the Risorgimento burst in.The event was restaged the next day for photographers.The march to Rome completed the unification of the peninsula and this event, like the architectural projects that followed, fulfilled a task of national image-making.The rowdy damage inflicted on Pius’s gate presaged the treatment of the city of Rome itself, 222 the architecture of modern italy
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the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 4.21 The Breach of the Porta Pia, Rome. Restaged by the photographer D’Alessandri, 21 September 1870
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which was to be boisterously reconfigured as the nation’s capital.As the Risorgimento was a political process based upon the evocation of the past glories of Italian culture, so Rome would be called upon to concretize in architectural and urban configurations the collective memory of the nation.As Massimo d’Azeglio had said when unification was first forged,“We have created Italy, we must now create Italians.” La Terza Roma is the political slogan that expressed the taking of the city of Rome from papal temporal control, as the popes had done from the pagans, and designating it the capital of the modern secular government, a third great civilization.To its latest claimants, Rome appeared untouched by modernity, still laden with the symbols of the Church and its hierarchies. Its architectural forms and urban spaces and the itineraries that lead through them demanded reformation.The topography of Rome became the ground for strategic political symbolism, with the country’s representatives proudly establishing their governmental seat, erecting buildings for their administration, and monuments to celebrate their accomplishments, all the while fostering a real-estate expansion of unprecedented force. Rome’s new political leadership used the entire city to legitimize its authority, as seen in the many prints that placed King Vittorio Emanuele II in command of all Rome’s architectural patrimony.With its traditions of civil government from its imperial days and universal spirituality from its Christian tradition, Rome provided an ideal foundation for a national capital.The functional, urbanistic, and architectural transformations of the city, however, were constantly measured against its gloried past. Francesco Crispi, a leftist minority leader, spelled out this problem: Our work is still incomplete until we have proven to foreign- ers...that we are no lesser than our forefathers .... Whoever enters the great city finds the synthesis of two great ages, one more marvelous than the other.The monuments that celebrate
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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