B members of the grand army of the republic gar a

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b. Members of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), a politically influential fraternal organization of several hundred thousand Union veterans of the Civil War, represented a key group of supporters for the Republican Party. c. Southern black freedmen, appreciative of the Republicans’ leading role in securing their emancipation; passing the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution; and supporting black civil rights in the South during Radical Reconstruction, continued to vote Republican by substantial margins. d. Republican political support remained solid throughout the Midwest. e. Republicans maintained electoral strength in the rural and small-town Midwest and the rural and small-town Northeast. Question 7 a. The Compromise of 1877 signaled the abandonment of the Republican commitment to protect black civil rights in the South. The Republicans agreed to withdraw the remaining federal troops from southern states that were protecting black civil rights and end Reconstruction in exchange for the Democrats permitting Republican presidential candidate Rutherford B. Hayes to assume office following the disputed and deadlocked election of 1876. The end of Reconstruction marked the resumption of white Democratic political rule throughout the South and the onset of brutal political and economic oppression of blacks throughout the region. b. Correct answer. The Compromise of 1877 guaranteed the withdrawal of remaining federal troops from the South and the abandonment of a commitment by the federal government and the Republican Party to uphold civil rights for blacks in the South. Following the Compromise of 1877, white southern Democrats quickly re-established dominant political power throughout the South and developed a repressive political and economic system that ruthlessly exploited and subjugated blacks throughout the region. c. Rutherford B. Hayes, a three-term Ohio Republican governor, was elected president of the United States as a result of the Compromise of 1877. d. Republicans did not agree to support an inflationary silver monetary policy as a result of the Compromise of 1877. e. The construction of a second transcontinental railroad, using the Texas and Pacific in the South, was agreed to as part of the Compromise of 1877, but the federal government made no subsequent government attempt to fund the construction of this second proposed transcontinental railroad. Question 8 a. Literacy requirements were one of the political tools used by southern whites to disenfranchise African Americans throughout the states of the South after the end of Reconstruction.
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b. Poll taxes were one of the political instruments used by southern whites to disenfranchise African Americans in every southern state after the conclusion of Reconstruction.
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