Other than the physical ones, what other changes affect the aged? What are their symptoms and impacts?Skin disorderStrokeHeart diseaseDiabetesAsthmaVascular diseaseArthuritesFrailty deconditioningActivity 4CEstimated Time30 MinutesObjectiveTo provide you with an opportunity to identify strategies and opportunities that maximise engagement and promote healthy lifestyle practices.ActivityWhat strategies can older people adopt to lead a healthy lifestyle?
P a g e | 17There are various strategies that older people can adopt to live a healthier lifestyle:Taking regular exercise (even just walks)Maintaining a healthy diet (eat at least three solid meals a day, with nutritional variety)Mental stimulation (playing games, problem-solving activities, puzzles)HobbiesEmbrace variety (maintaining the same routine and always doing the same things can affect you psychologically, causing a depression and monotony)Engage with remaining family membersLearn new thingsTake a class/join a clubTravel (if possible)Get vaccinations for common infections.What are the five different food groups?Vegetables and legumes/beansFruitGrain (cereal) foods, wholegrain and /or high cereal fibre varietiesLean meats and poultry, fish, eggs tofu, nuts and seeds andlegumes/beansMilk, yoghurt, cheese and/or alternatives, mostly reduced fat.What are the benefits of exercise?The benefits of exercise are that it:Makes you feel goodCan provide an opportunity to have fun/socialiseHelps to prevent weight gain that is unhealthyHelps you to relaxReduces risk of diseases such as:cardiovascular diseasetype 2 diabetessome cancersEncourages healthy growth and developmentHelps build strong bones, muscles and joints.Activity 4DEstimated Time15 MinutesObjectiveTo provide you with an opportunity to identify and utilise aids and modifications that promote individual strengths and capacities to assist with independent living in the older person’s environment.
P a g e | 18ActivityName four modifications and four aids that can help assist clients with independent living.Aids and modifications:Home modifications:oWalk in shower or bath oStair liftsoHandrailsoSlopes and rampsoWide access for wheelchairoEmergency alarms.Aids such as:oWheelchairsoWalking sticksoWalking framesoHearing aidsoguide dogs.What options are available for financing modifications and aids?Financing the costs associated with modifications and aidsYour client may qualify for help with the installation of home modifications and other services such as garden maintenance, repair work, electrical works and some renovations. The Australian Government provides funds or subsidies for those who need aids and modifications to allow them to continue independent living. However, if your personal circumstances permit, you should be prepared to contribute to the cost of your care or modifications.
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