Instrumentation basics 57 intercavitary probe 6

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instrumentation basics, 5–7 intercavitary probe, 6 interscalene nerve block, 332 intracranial pressure (ICP) non-invasive measurement, 203 intraperitoneal fluid movement patterns of free fluid, 30 intussusception, 243 joint effusions and arthrocentesis, 304–308 anatomy, 304 ankle, 307 focused questions, 304 hip, 305–306 knee, 306 literature review, 308 pitfalls, 308 probe selection, 305 procedure, 305 seagull sign, 304 , 305 setup, 305 shoulder, 307 special equipment, 305 technique, 305 tips, 307–308 knee effusions, 306 lateral resolution definition, 4 left upper quadrant (LUQ) anatomy, 29–30 FAST exam, 34–35 Lichtenstein, Daniel A., 191 , 194 , 196 linear array probe, 5 longitudinal view, 10 lumbar puncture, 319–323 anatomy, 319 focused questions, 319 literature review, 322 pitfalls, 322 probe selection, 319 procedure, 321 setup, 320–322 special equipment, 320 technique, 319–322 tips, 322 lung sliding artifact, 51–52 M (motion) mode scanning, 15 , 16 diaphragmatic injury diagnosis, 56–57 metallic objects artifacts caused by, 18 mirror image artifacts, 18–19 miscarriage, 92 missed abortion, 92 Morison’s pouch, 27 , 28–29 Morison’s pouch view FAST exam, 33–35 Murphy sign (sonographic), 156 musculoskeletal ultrasound abnormal images, 221–223 anatomy, 214–215 diagnostic applications, 213 evaluation of bones and tendons, 213–214 focused questions, 214 literature review, 224 new directions, 224 normal images, 219–220 pediatric applications, 244–245 probe selection, 215 scanning tips, 219 342 Index Index
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technique, 215–219 views, 215–218 necrotizing fasciitis, 213 nephrolithiasis, 133 ocular ultrasound, 203–210 abnormal images, 207–209 anatomy, 204–205 emergency and critical care applications, 203 focused questions, 203 literature review, 209–210 measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter, 206 new directions, 210 non-invasive assessment of ICP, 203 normal images, 206 optic nerve anatomy, 205 optic nerve sheath measurement, 203 probe selection, 205–206 scanning tips, 206 technique, 205–206 views, 206 pacing capture detection of, 323–324 paracentesis. See ascites and paracentesis pediatric ultrasound, 241–253 abdominal applications, 241–244 abnormal images, 251–252 anatomy of the pediatric patient, 247–248 appendicitis, 241–242 benefits of point of care ultrasound, 241 extremity fracture identification and reduction, 244 focused questions, 246–247 head injury protocols, 253 hip effusions, 244–245 intussusception, 243 IVC evaluation for dehydration, 245–246 literature review, 253 musculoskeletal applications, 244–245 new directions, 253 normal images, 249 probe selection, 248 pyloric stenosis, 243 range of applications, 241 reducing radiation exposure in children, 241 Salter-Harris I and II fractures, 253 scanning tips, 249 skull fractures, 244 technique, 248–249 views, 248–249 pelvic view FAST exam, 35–36 penetration and frequency, 2–3 and wavelength, 2 perforated viscus/free air, 231 pericardial fluid cardiac ultrasound, 76–78 pericardiocentesis, 323 peripheral venous cannulation, 289–294 anatomy, 290 focused question, 290 pitfalls, 292 probe selection, 291 procedure, 292 setup, 291 special equipment, 291 technique, 291–294 tips, 292 perisplenic space FAST exam, 34–35 peritonsillar abscess, 317–318 phased array probe, 6 physics principles, 1–5 absorption, 4 acoustic power, 5 amplitude, 1–2 attenuation,
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