- Craig Fox: o Listing 2 and 10 ways to improve. Listing 2 is easy while listing 10 is hard. This gives the impression that there are less problems when listing 10. The group listing 10 rated the course higher.
Attractiveness is governed by several key factors: - Proximity: You are more likely to be attracted to or to become friends with those you live or work closely with. Proximity does not lie in just physical proximity, but in functional distance/functional proximity . To be more attracted, one would increase functional proximity and decrease functional distance. E.g. two first year students in many of the same classes but never interact. - Mere exposure effect. This effect describes the tendency to be more positive towards things that are familiar, even if only seen once or twice in the past. E.g. Turkish words appearing with higher frequency More positive - Familiarity: Explains why you tend to rate faces of people you have seen before as being more attractive. E.g. thinking you are more attractive in the mirror than in a non-mirror picture. Vice versa for those who look at you in real life. - Physical attractiveness: You use physical attractiveness on the presumption that what is beautiful is also good. Physically attractive people are often judged as kinder, warmer, more intelligent, sensitive, and outgoing. E.g. Clifford and Hatfield: attractive children are rated as more intelligent than unattractive children. E.g. 2 profiles of one pretty and one ugly child with the same description. Teachers rated the prettier one smarter. Walster Study: We like those who like us back, especially when we have low self-esteem. - Peer opinions We tend to like the people we anticipate interacting with. Aronson and Linder: It is also important how a person has previously thought of you. 4 Impressions: - Positive Negative (Gave the lowest rating back) - Negative Positive (Gave the highest rating back) - Positive Positive (Gave the second highest rating back) - Negative Negative (Gave the second lowest rating back) We are all somewhat biased when forming impressions of others and are all vulnerable to errors.
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- Winter '14
- Physical attractiveness, Chris, FAE