Ideological factors constructivist focus on

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Ideological factors Constructivist focus on ideological factors The world views o Domestic politics Mao wanted to stay in power so he created many schemes 3. Describe the 3 theories discussed in class regarding the U.S. coping with a ‘rising China.’ Compare and contrast their prescriptions (Realism, Liberal Institutionalism, Constructivism). (page 59 Shambaugh) Theoretical assumptions o Realism Main actors: states Primary goals: national interest, maximizing power, survival of the state Preferred international order: balance of power, alliances Primary means: strategic interaction backed by economic and military power (hard power) Basically to increase security the state needs to acquire more economic and military power o Liberalism Main actors: states, MNC, IOs Primary goals: cooperation, collective security
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Preferred international order: collective security system, a world of democratic states Primary means: two-level domestic and international bargaining or cooperative gain through ruled-based institutions or persuasive ideas (soft power) (page 59 Shambaugh) Interaction between domestic and international factors Cooperative gain Everyone abides by the rules o Constructivist Main actors: states, transnational actors, moral entrepreneurs Primary goals: community building through interactions Preferred international order: regional and global communities of shared norms/identity (i.e. European Union) Primary means: socialization through institutions Not through military power Needs the process of socialization Theoretical application: coping with the rise of China o Realism prescribes containment or hard-balancing, hedging or soft- balancing o Liberal Institutionalism/complex interdependence/security complex theories prescribe engagement and/or enmeshment o Constructivism prescribes the institutionalization of ASEAN-based norms at the wider region of the Asia-Pacific 4. Discuss the Constructivist, Neo-Liberal Institutionalist, and Neo-Realist competing theories and their respective predictions of Japan’s grand strategies. Realist interpretation
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o The USA and Japan viewed ARF, the multilateral security dialogue, as a means of complimenting its bilateral arrangements o The joint USA-Japan Declaration of April 1996 confirmed the significance of Mutual Security Treaty in the post Cold War o China came to perceive ARF as a vehicle for promoting multipolarity to counter USA unilateralism China’s interest in the region is to limit USA interaction Neo-liberal institutionalism o Neo-liberal institutionalists developed “regime theory” to explain in the formation of regional and international cooperation (Robert Keohane 1984) o Institutions are created by states because they benefit their common interests by reducing transaction costs, facilitating communication, information-sharing and transparency, and reducing mutual threat perceptions – utility maximizing functions Social constructivism o Karl Deutsch’s concept of “security communities” is central to Amitav
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  • Fall '08
  • staff
  • Cold War, sino-soviet alliance

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