104 Rape including spousal rape and sexual assault are criminal offences in all

104 rape including spousal rape and sexual assault

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or sexual violence, more severely and over a longer period of time, than women without a disability. 104. Rape, including spousal rape, and sexual assault are criminal offences in all States and Territories. Legislation in force in all States and Territories empowers courts to make apprehended violence orders to protect victims of domestic violence, or persons at risk of domestic violence. 105. One of the objects of the Family Law Act 1975 is to ensure that the best interests of children are met by protecting children from physical or psychological harm caused by subjection or exposure to abuse, neglect or family violence. In deciding whether to make a particular parenting order in relation to a child under the Family Law Act the court must regard the best interests of the child as the paramount consideration. The Australian Law Reform Commission recently completed an inquiry into the interaction between State and Territory domestic violence laws and the Family Law Act which will be tabled in the Parliament by the end of November 2010. 106. The Australian Government has taken significant measures to reduce violence against women and their children. The Australian Government is collaborating with State and Territory Governments to develop a national strategy which applies best practices in the fields of legislation, prevention, law enforcement, services and research in order to reduce violence against women. The National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children will be a series of four three-year action plans to coordinate the effort to reduce violence against women and their children. The National Plan will enable all levels of government and the community to better support victims of violence, strengthen and streamline domestic violence and sexual assault legislation, and reduce violence in future generations.
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3. Trafficking in persons 107. Australia is a destination country for trafficking victims, but the number of trafficking victims in Australia remains low due to border control and Australia’s geographic isolation. Nonetheless, Australia has a legislative and policy framework to combat trafficking in all its forms and ensure that Australia’s anti-people trafficking strategy remains relevant and responsive to emerging trends and issues. 108. Trafficking in persons (including child trafficking) and trafficking related offences (such as sexual servitude, slavery, deceptive recruitment, and debt bondage) are criminal offences under the Criminal Code Act 1995 . To date, nine people have been convicted of people trafficking related offences. 16 109. The Australian Government’s strategy to combat trafficking in persons includes measures to address the full trafficking cycle, from recruitment to reintegration, and gives equal weight to the critical areas of prevention, detection and investigation, prosecution and victim support.
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