recognized; male, female and transgender. Transgender is an umbrella term that refers to peoplewhose gender identity is different from the one they possessed at birth. Such people refer tothemselves as non-binary which consists of people belonging to one or more gender, acombination of different genders or no gender at all (Kimmel, 2017). These people are currentlyable to receive ID cards and driver licenses labeled X. New York, California, Oregon,Washington and Columbia have already adopted this practice. People in the US are thus able toengage in different sexual orientations without any discrimination since their rights are welltaken care of.Different states in the US differ in the extents to which they recognize the genderidentities of LGBT. Recognition is based on the steps the individual has taken in transitioninginto their preferred identity e.g. hormone or psychological therapy. In some states, it is a
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GENDER IDENTIFICATION4requirement for individuals to undertake reassignment surgery in order to be recognized astransgender (Sterzing et al., 2017; Kimmel, 2017). However, there are no specific laws by thefederal government that protect the rights of these people in sectors such as healthcare,employment, adoption and housing. The federal government assumes that the Equal ProtectionClause in the constitution prohibits gender discrimination also includes LGBT (Kimmel, 2017).It is easy to transition from one gender into another in the US because gender differences havebecome more accepted with time. Also, the level of discrimination has reduced and people arefree to change from one gender identity to another with ease.
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