U.S. residential areas in equal proportions making them most tolerable and inviting to them Changes in social perspectives regarding racism have also led to the desirability of Black neighborhoods by the White population than before. It is observed that the current generation is more receptive of the Black population than the previous one. Such shifts have been motivated by the numerous sensitization campaign of human rights organizations advocating for equal rights of all[CITATION Hyr16 \p 180 \l 1033 ]. Some state policies have also been correlated with the gentrification phenomenon currently witness in numerous central city neighborhoods. In different urban residential areas, policies in homeownership have been steered to cover issues relating to tenure mixing policies which involved the introduction of affluent residential and more expensive owner dwellings targeting central city dwellings, made at the expense of affordable rental houses for lower- income tenants. Such trends have led to a general increase in homeownership in most urban neighborhoods while the former cheap rental residences being on the decline. [CITATION Hoc16 \p 2 \l 1033 ]. Such housing policies are also often led by affordable government mortgages that
encourage more people into homeownership rather than settling for the expensive rental plans in the long-run (3). Federal redevelopment projects are also linked to the increased gentrification trends seen in the last decade of the previous century. One such redevelopment initiative was the Hope VI project which began in 1992 and has influenced the current state of most of the U.S. cities. The program sought to demolish 96,200 units of severely dilapidates public housing infrastructure with a revitalizing goal and deconcentrating poverty levels. The aftermath of the project established that numerous severely distressed housing sectors were replaced by low-density, mix- income and high-quality housing infrastructure which led to the refurbishment of the inner-city communities as a whole[CITATION USD16 \p 4 \l 1033 ]. Globalization trends have also been identified in recent research as a gentrification predictor. This relationship has been modelled based on subjective identity and gentrifying class with arguments that globalization has rendered the local experiences of locality change less unique and more comparable to similar trends elsewhere in another world. The players then come to perceive themselves as a cosmopolitan class consuming a globally homogenous commodity. Thus during global economic restructuring processes, gentrification is made practically available as an entrepreneurial strategy of global governance availed on the basis for a cosmopolitan identity of the local households [CITATION Sig15 \p 3 \l 1033 ]. Implications of Gentrification In the media, news about gentrification in cities such as New York, San Francisco and Chicago are common highlighting the tension between existing residents and newcomers and the surface opposing outlooks into such changes. Besides the cultural modifications that common gentrification trends, newcomers decry significant increase in house rents and high levels of
hostilities that escalate further such hostilities meted on them[CITATION USD16 \p 2 \l 1033 ].
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- Fall '19
- Test, Urban area, Urban decay, Gentrifications