last major or important change to the workers’ compensation laws were in the 1990s, when the Americans with Disabilities Act was passed. A “disability” (disability) is a physical or mental condition that limits the amount of activity a person can do. The Americans with Disabilities Act created new laws that allowed people with disabilities to get jobs and protected them from being fired from their jobs because of their disability. Some industries have their own special workers’ compensation laws. An “industry,” I should explain – (industry) – is a type of work or a kind of business. The “film industry,” for example, refers to all the companies that make movies. One industry that has special workers’ compensation laws is the mining industry. “To mine” (mine) is to dig into the ground to get things like coal out of the ground. The person who mines is called a “miner” (miner). And miners have special protection under workers’ compensation laws. So, that’s all you need to know, really, about American workers’ compensation laws, and I think you found it as exciting and as fascinating as I do. Now let’s answer a few of your questions. Our first question is from Timofey (Timofey) in Russia. The question has to do with three words: “whirl,” “swirl,” and “eddy.” Let’s start with “whirl” (whirl). “Whirl” describes a fast movement around and around. You can talk about a ballet dancer or an ice skater who whirls around quickly. It basically would mean the same as spin. We could talk about the leaves of a tree whirling around in circles in the wind.
ESLPod.com Cultural English – 460 11 These materials are copyrighted by the Center for Educational Development (2014). Posting of these materials on another website or distributing them in any way is prohibited.“Swirl” (swirl) is very similar in definition. It describes a movement in a twisting or what we may describe as “spiraling” pattern, moving around and around without stopping, making bigger or smaller circles. You could talk about swirling some cream into your coffee – mixing it into your coffee, making it go around and around. “Eddy” (eddy) is a movement either in water or in the air in the opposite direction of the main movement, especially when it is moving in a circle. If the water is all flowing in one direction, but there is a small section of the river that is moving in the opposite direction, that would be an eddy. The word “Eddie” spelled somewhat differently – (Eddie) instead of (eddy) – is a shortened form, or nickname form, of the name Edward. I had an “Uncle Eddie” – we called him “Eddie.” You may have heard of the comedian Eddie Murphy back from the 80s and 90s here in the U.S. But that has nothing to do with the topic of the question by Timofey about “whirl,” “swirl,” and “eddy.” Our next question comes from Engin (Engin) in Turkey. The question has to do with the difference between two very common expressions in English: “I am curious” and “I wonder.” In common conversation, we often use these two expressions to mean the same thing. However, they could be used differently.