Power derived from superior numbers superior

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- Power: derived from superior numbers, superior technology, weapons, property, or economic resources - Those holding superior power in society establish a system of inequality by dominating less powerful groups - Size is not the sole determinant of who is the most powerful (e.g. South Africa, Quebec pre 60s, entire history of colonization by western powers) - Ethnicity and race are often used synonymously, but this is incorrect; ethnic groups refer to people who have a common culture - Racism: - Systems of racial inequality (socially constructed on the basis of false assumptions that these variation are linked biologically to how people will behave, and their social worth) - Blauner - Racism is a principle of social domination by which a group seen as inferior or different in alleged biological characteristics is exploited, controlled, and oppressed socially and physically by a superordinate group - In the US: white racism is a socially organized set of attitudes, ideas, and practices that deny African Americans and other people of color the dignity, opportunity, freedoms, and rewards that the nation offers white Americans - There are two types of racism: personal racism and institutional racism - Prejudice refers to an attitude or judgment, usually negative, about an entire category of people - Aversive Racism is a subtle, often unintentional form of prejudice exhibited by many well-meaning individuals - Modern Racism refers to the rejection of traditionally racist beliefs, but displaces negative racial views onto abstract social and political issues - Modern racism believes that discrimination no longer exists - Inequalities that remain are the fault of minorities - Efforts to make things equal are unfair - Tends to not view themselves as being racist - Frustration-Aggression Theory, also known as Scapegoating Theory, suggests that prejudice is a form of frustration about the economy, job market, and minorities act as a convenient target of such frustration - Minority Threat Theory notes that dominant group members feel entitled to a disproportionate share of rights, privileges, and rewards of society, believing that minorities threaten this position - Most believes that we learn to be racist via socialization and negative stereotypes - Not a debate; it is a fact that blacks are disadvantaged in the United States. The real debate is the extent of which it penetrates life.
- How does one generate a view about whether or not discrimination exists?
Race and Social Problems - Minorities are often associated with social problems that we have been discussing: poverty, inequality, unemployment, educational attainment - Empirical evidence shows that visible minorities face housing discrimination,

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