CLEP Humanities_Study_Guide

Feminist founded ms magazinenational womens political

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Feminist founded Ms. magazine.,National Women’s Political Caucus, the Women’s Action Alliance, and the Coalition of Labor Union Women. Her books include Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions and Revelation from Within. Jacqueline Kennedy eventually went on to marry after her husband John’s death.,One of the richest men in the world, Onassis controlled a major shipping company, the Monte Carlo casino, and Olympic Airways, among many other holdings.
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Non-fiction - religions Transcendentalists Emerson and Thoreau,spirituality in nature and the natural world. Humanism Humans at center of universe, capabilities of humans Neoplatonism Pagan, founded by Platinus on ideas of Plato, The One, The World Soul, dead reabsorbed into The One Existentialism Hermeneutics Manichaeism Mani -founder, no personal sin, elect had happy afterlife Islam Buddhism Confucianism ethical system of being neighborly (religious system of China for many years) li and jen Taoism Hindu Friedrich Nietzsche Georg W.F. Hegel published Phenomenology of Mind in 1807 and Philosophy of Right in 1821; being, not being, becoming Immanuel Kant Jean Jacques Rousseau Rene Descartes founder of modern rationalism,“I think, therefore I am.” John Locke Thomas Hobbes Epicureans are a sect of hedonism (Pursuit of or devotion to pleasure) Aristotle Greek, Alexander the Great’s tutor, and a student of Plato, wrote Rhetoric, Poetics, and Metaphysics Cynics formed by Antisthenes in Greece in 400 A.D, austere, celibate Stoicism restraining emotion Plato Socrates Karl Marx St. Augustine Torah five book of moses (Jews) Martin Heidegger(wrote Being and Time) and Jean-Paul Sartre (no God, no moral absolutes), with Søren Kierkegaard(father of movement) Hans-Georg Gadamer wrote Truth and Method, influenced by Heidegger-everything is biased by our experience.study of theory and practice of interpretation Followers, called Muslims, go by the book of the Qur’an, the word of God as told to Mohammed. There are five basic principles to Islam: first, there is only one God, and Mohammed is the only mouthpiece of God; second, five daily ritual prayers; third, paying a religious tax; fourth, fasting during sunlight during the month of Ramadan; and fifth, traveling to Mecca to reunify the nation of Islam (a pilgrimage taken by many each year). Nirvana, do not believe in a god, they follow the teachings of the mortal Buddha, who through much meditation finally discovered the Truth and sought to share the experience with others. Buddhists follow five basic rules: no stealing, no promiscuity, no lying, no drinking, and no killing.believe in the four noble truths: existence is suffering, suffering is caused by need, suffering can cease, and there is a path to the cessation of suffering. Lao Tzu (founder-father) adopted from Buddhism, Taoism incorporates many gods, the head of which is the Jade Emperor, with the Emperor of the Eastern Mountain serving as second-in-command Bhagavad-Gita, Caste systems-Brahmans (highest) remaining three castes are Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaishyas (farmers/merchants), and Shudras (laborers).
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