term effect. Ben Franklin acted as an ambassador that helped gain the alliance. “The American Commissioners- Ben Franklin, Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee- negotiated two treaties with France after John Burgoyne’s surrender of the battle of Saratoga in New York” (Benson). This interaction was called the Treaty of Amity and Commerce. This treaty stated that France would aid the colonists in the war against Britain, and in return, once they gained independence, the colonist would aid the French in their times of need (France Enters the American Revolution).
Whitehead 11 However during the French Revolution, when the French asked for help the United States refused to send aid. George Washington was actually against long term alliances despite being very close with Marquis de Lafayette. The war also brought a new military tactic called guerrilla warfare. This was the first time this tactic had been used, there were still standard battles on the battlefields but the Continental Army was significantly smaller than the British army and guerrilla warfare was beneficial to them. The American Revolution was a surprise to everyone. Prior to the revolution, Britain had been an imperial force with the strongest navy and army in the known world. A “ragtag volunteer army” (Lin Manuel-Miranda), as the popular musical Hamilton puts it, defeating this global power was shocking and changed the name of the game making a strong argument that the battles are more important than what was to come. In schools, the curriculum focuses on the Battles of the American Revolution, most likely because the battles are the more exciting aspects of the war. However, the events leading up to the war are talked about, for example, the Boston Massacre or the Boston Tea Party, but colonial life is talked about less. The events after the war are talked about even less, teachings tend to go from winning the American Revolution to the years leading up to the Civil War. There are so many political events that took place far before the Civil War that lead to the civil war. It is important to have that insight. Politics in our country right now have been very intense and at times confusing and having the knowledge on how our government was set up in the very beginning of our country aids in understanding things today. The American Historical Association says that “Every organized social group is guided by its recollection of the past” (“Why Should Americans Know Their Own History”). Learning our nation's history is the key to
Whitehead 12 understanding what is currently going on in our country and certain things need to be taught in more depth in schools or else we lose history. While battles and events of the American Revolution were very important in United States history, in schools it is much more important to educate students on the before and after periods of the war. That history all plays into one another and one without the other is a massive gap in education. Learning about early government and how it plays into current day events is
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- Spring '19
- Annie Tully
- American History, Research Paper, American Revolution, United States Declaration of Independence, Thirteen Colonies, Native Americans in the United States, Second Continental Congress