CLAS_267_lect_2_class_notes_2013-1

Most settlements are farms o some space reserved for

This preview shows page 5 - 8 out of 15 pages.

most settlements are farms o some space reserved for workshops for stone tools caves continue to be exploited for o human habitation o pens for animals o refuge sites during attack location of sites o set near shore o no fear of attack from sea o fishing to supplement diet IMAGE 13: Sesklo; map + walls building materials local stones o not well worked o not constructed to last o would have required frequent refurbishing o stone socle construction o wattle and daub above stone socle o stone socle construction indicates single storey o stone tools make it near impossible to do anything better than rough dressing of stone o when possible flat field stones chosen so would not have to be dressed mud-Brick above stone socle o cheap o quick o easily made o liable to melt when wet floors o beaten earth roofs o thatched 5
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

Harrison/CLAS 267 Lect 2 (2013) - o coated with mud plaster (waterproofing) o flat or pitched houses o arranged either as free-standing structures or built with shared walls o walls were often coated with plaster made from crushed limestone with water added sometimes painted no figural motifs only monochrome red and yellow used o thought to have had meaning red = blood (life warmth) yellow = the sun plan of these buildings varied o very simple, one-room buildings o sometimes multi-roomed structures o less often series of rooms connected with one another in straight line usually set off somewhat from the rest of the site perhaps house of important individual suggests some kind of hierarchy rank indicated by architecture rank indicated by decoration o buildings with painted rooms are probably higher status than those without pattern already visible in o Dimini o Sesklo, o Sitagroi IMAGE 14: Neolithic figurines figurines aka ‘Venus idols’ o begin early Neolithic period o typical find in prehistoric sites o in Bronze Age are found in undoubtedly ritual contexts o purpose and use on Stone Age is extrapolated materials o clay easiest and cheapest o stone local stones limestone 6
Image of page 6
Harrison/CLAS 267 Lect 2 (2013) - marble o possible hierarchy of materials of potential importance to interpretation o usually very crudely rendered some, as the ‘Venus of Volo’, of exceptional quality usually recognizable as female o three possible associations associated with idea of a Mother Goddess also possibly child nurture (kourotrophos) fertility idol fertility aspects emphasized – o thighs o public area o abdomen o breasts Shown standing or seated o Head rarely drawn out in detail IMAGE 15: Knossos (Crete); book cover earliest settlement on Crete occurs at Knossos – probably c. 6500 BCE o first material underneath west court and west wall of later palace Very little known of this phase on Crete o Excavated but not understood by Evans o pottery has been studied by D. Wilson o architecture has been studied by C. Hershenson
Image of page 7

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 8

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern