DSST Criminal Justice

Federal bureau of prisons founded within department

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Federal Bureau of Prisons – founded within Department of Justice in 1930 a. Leader in correctional management and operations b. Serves as model for state and local jails c. Encourages a rehabilitative model of corrections that focuses on community interaction, work programs and education for inmates 156. Crime – all crime include elements of action (or lack thereof), intent, criminal law violation, lack of justification or defense, and society’s sanctioning of the act as a crime 157. Crime of Conspiracy – is one of the laws in which simply planning on committing a crime, with no action – can result in a conviction a. “actus reus” a guilty measureable act –action-including planning or conspiring 158. General Intent - a type of criminal intent in which a prohibited result follows a conscious wrongdoing –i.e.: speeding an accidentally hit a pedestrian 159. Specific Intent – 160. Civil Law – Tort - Non-criminal in nature… know this a. Seek restitution rather than punishment b. Including property, business and contract disputes
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161. Criminal Law – rules that define crime, sets punishment, and mandates the procedures for carrying out the criminal justice process… know this 162. Statutory Law – law handed down by legislatures is called statutory law… know this 163. Case Law – collection of laws resulting from court interpretations of statutory law or from court decisions where rules are vague or in error… know this 164. Code of Hammurabi – “eye for an eye” ideology a. Developed in Babylon, had very strict punishments including death b. Replaced by the Justinian code in the Roman Empire 165. English Common Law – most influential code of laws for the development of the legal system in the US …there was a question about the book where the laws were first mentioned… a Bible, b Koran c. ?? I guessed Bible… but don’t know 166. The Magna Carta forced to grant in 1215 – signed by King John (1199-1216)– limited the monarch’s power, changing from absolute monarchy to limited monarchy a. Securing the constitutional liberty of the English people b. Established that the power of the king could be limited by a written document b.i. No freeman should be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law (what our 5 th Amendment is based on) b.ii. Save by legal judgment of his peers b.iii. No taxes (saves several feudal aids specified) should be imposed b.iv. Save by the Common Council of realm 167. Common Law – refers to a system of laws originated and developed in England, based on court decisions rather on codified written laws a. Constitution has basis of common law 168. Administrative law – branch of public law that deals with the powers and duties of government agencies…. know this a. Implements public policies such as public health, environmental protection and workplace safety 169. Constitutional Law – legal rules and principles that define the nature and limits of governmental power, and the rights of individual relations to the state - Supreme Law of the land
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Federal Bureau of Prisons founded within Department of...

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