Legato smooth connected manner of performing a melody

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Legato: Smooth, connected manner of performing a melody. Staccato: Short, detached manner of performing a melody. Phrase: Short units that make up the melody and may have similar pitch and rhythm patterns. Cadence: A resting place at the end of a phrase. It may be partial- an incomplete cadence or it may give a sense of finality- a complete cadence.
HarmonyThe way how chords are constructed and they follow each other. Chord: A combination of three or more tones sounded at once. A group of simultaneous tones is called chord and a melody is a series of individual tones heard one after another. Consonance: A tone combination that is stable and restful. Dissonance: A tone combination that is unstable and tense. Resolution:Progression from a dissonance to a consonance. Triad: The simplest, most basic chord which consists of three alternate tones of the scale. Broken Chord (Arpeggios):When the individual tones of a chord are sounded one after another, it is called a broken chord. Key (Tonality) The presence of central note, scale and chord within a piece, with all other tones heard in relationship to them. Chromatic Scale:The twelve tones of the octave (all white and black keys in one octave on a piano) form the chromatic scale. Modulation:Shifting from one key to another within the same piece. Tonic Key: The central key around which the whole piece is organized. Musical Texture Number of layers of sound that are heard at once, what kind of layer they are, and how they are related. Monophonic Texture: The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is monophonic; literally meaning having only one sound. Polyphonic Texture: Simultaneous performance of two or more melodic lines of equal importance produces polyphonic texture; meaning having many sounds. Homophonic Texture: Texture in which one main melody is accompanied by chords. Musical Form The organization of musical elements (pitch, tone color, dynamics, rhythm, melody, and texture) in time. Repetition: Creates sense of unity Contrast: Provides variety
Variation: Unity and variety at same time Ternary Form: A-B-AThe musical form that can be represented as statement(A), contrast(B), and return (A). Binary Form: A-B The musical form that can be represented as statement(A) and counterstatement (B).

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