and by the unsustainable costs of war mercantilism proved a effective way for

And by the unsustainable costs of war mercantilism

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aggressive foreign policy . . . and . . . by the unsustainable costs of war” mercantilism proved an effective way for an absolute monarch to raise revenue. This essay will discuss the beliefs held under the political theory of mercantilism. Mercantilism prospers best with an absolute monarch leading a state. Ruling absolutely meant that, “[one] could make law, dispense justice, create and direct a bureaucracy, declare war, and levy taxation, without the approval of any other governing body” (Cole & Symes 402). This was seen as preferable to the centuries before King Louis XIV, where disorder and rampant
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Cook 2 nobles attempted to drain sovereignty from the true kings of various countries. Thus, King Louis XIV had quite a task ahead of himself in order to keep absolute power and gain wealth necessary to expand his control. The money needed to unify France was introduced to Louis XIV by mercantile beliefs held by “Jean-Baptiste Colbert, the king’s finance minister from 1664 to 1683,” (Cole & Symes 409). The finance minister proved himself able and loyal, advising his king to, “[impose] tariffs on foreign goods imported into France and [to use] state money to promote the domestic manufacture of formerly imported goods, such as silk, lace, tapestries, and glass” (Cole & Symes 409). Through these implementations, France could begin to export at a
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  • Fall '16
  • Absolute monarchy, Louis XIV of France, Jean-Baptiste Colbert

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