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13.Baby Melanie smiles, giggles, and laughs frequently with both her parents as well as other caregivers; Baby Jerome does not. All else being equal, we can predict from this that A. Melanie will have a more positive relationship with her parents.B. Jerome will have a better relationship with his parents.C. The parents will work harder and give Jerome more attention in an attempt to make him "happy."D. Jerome will never be happy because of his negative temperament.14.When her mother came into the room, Constance was laughing out loud at the dog's antics. Constance continues to laugh and look at her mother and then the dog. This is an example of a(n) ___________ smile. 15.According to the text, some laughter in babies may actually be due to feelings of 16.Theory and research suggest that the process of emotional development is a(n) __________________ one. 17.Teresa is beginning to show signs that she is cognitively aware that she is a functioning human being, separate from the rest of her world. This is referred to as A. self-recognition.B. self-awareness.C. self-conceptualization.D. self-evaluation.
18.Self-awareness usually emerges by about what age? 19.Pride, guilt, and shame are identified as the emotions of 20.Before a child can display empathy and altruistic behaviors the child needs to have ___________ cognition. 21.The ability of a child to feel what another feels, or would be expected to feel, in a particular situation is called A. sympathy.B. prosocial behavior.C. guilt.D. empathy.22.Two-year-old Jacob took the pacifier away from his baby sister, making her sad and causing her to cry. When his mother explained how the baby felt and insisted that he return the pacifier, she was teaching Jacob 23.The brain has neurons that help a person mimic other person's actions, called __________ neurons. 24.A person's characteristic way of approaching and reacting to people and situations defines that person's