a. external b. normativec. peer-induced d. social influenceKitty Genovese
In 1964, a woman by the name of __________ was raped and murdered, allegedly in front of 38 witnesses, none of whom assisted her or called for help.referenceA(n) __________ group consists of those people to whom a person feels affiliated.a. reference b. affiliation c. influencing d. comparisonStanley MilgramThe obedience experiment that demonstrated the dangers of obedience was conducted in the 1960s by psychologist __________.a. phillip zimbardo b. Solomon aschc. Stanley milgramCompliance________ is a change in a person's behavior that occurs in response to a direct request.a. conformity b. obedience c. compliance d. influencedissonanceSocial psychologist Leon Festinger coined the term cognitive __________ to refer to a disconnect between a person's internal attitudes and his or her external behavior.a. disproportionality b. discontinuity c. inattentivenessd. dissonanceattitudeA(n) __________ is an evaluative belief or opinion about a person, object, or idea.a. bias b. stereotype c. prejudiced. attitudedeindividuationBeing part of a group can make us feel less restrained, which causes us to relinquish personal responsibility and give ourselves over to the group experience. This is the phenomenon of __________.a. groupthinkb. undifferentiationc. deindividuation d. conformitygroup thinkNOTE SURE ON THIS ONEThe process of __________ occurs when the social pressure that exists within a group of people overwhelms individual choice, and actually serves the purpose of actively muting the individual voices of the group members.a. group polarization
b. groupthinkc. the sleeper effectd. the perseverance effectPage ref: 217Discrimination____ refers to negative behavior toward a group of people and its memberjustThe __________-world phenomenon occurs when people convince themselves that they are doing well because they are good people, while those who are suffering are just getting what theydeserve.a. equivocal b. fair c. just d. implicitaggression__________ refers to behavior intended to harm others.prosocialBehavior that is carried out with the goal of helping others is called __________ behavior.a. cooperative b. altruistic c. prosocial d. reciprocalAltruism__________ is prosocial behavior that is carried out without concern for one's own safety or self-interest.a. altruismb. cooperationc. self sacrifice d. kindnessBehavioral__________ medicine is an interdisciplinary approach to medical treatment that integrates behavioral, medical, and social knowledge to increase life expectancy and enhance quality of life.a. biopsychosocial b. psychiatric c. eclectic d. behavioral Page ref: 228Health_________ psychology is the psychologically based aspect of behavioral medicine.a. health b. preventative c. proactive d. mind bodyStressor
A __________ is a stimulus - an event, a person, an object, a situation - that we perceive as threatening and/or challenging.