To get up early jim never stay up late c ũ ng gi ố

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To get up early, Jim never stay up late. C ũ ng gi ng nh ư tr ườ ng h p s d ng V-ing nêu trên, ch ng c a m nh ñề th hai c ũ ng ph i là ch ng h p lý c a m nh ñề ph ñứ ng tr ướ c nó. Incorrect : To prevent cavities , dental floss should be used daily after brushing one's teeth. Correct: To prevent cavities , one should use dental floss daily after brushing one’s teeth. 41. ðộ ng t (V-ing, V-ed) dùng làm tính t Thông th ườ ng, khi m t ñộ ng t không có d ng th c tính t t ươ ng ng v i nó thì phân t 1 (V-ing) ho c phân t 2 (P2) c a ñộ ng t ñ ó ñượ c s d ng làm tính t . ð ôi khi ng ườ i h c ti ế ng Anh không bi ế t nên dùng tính t d ng th c nào: V-ing hay Verb-ed hay Verb- en .
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 110 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng Tính t d ng V-ing th ườ ng ñượ c dùng khi danh t mà nó b ngh ĩ a th c hi n ho c ch u trách nhi m v hành ñộ ng. ðộ ng t th ườ ng là n i ñộ ng t (không có tân ng ) và th i c a ñộ ng t là th i ti ế p di n: The crying baby woke Mr.Binion. (The baby was crying ) The blooming flowers in the meadow created a rainbow of colors. (The flowers were blooming ) The purring kitten snuggled close to the fireplace. (The kitten was purring ) Phân t 2 (V-ed) ñượ c dùng làm tính t khi danh t mà nó b ngh ĩ a là ñố i t ượ ng nh n s tác ñộ ng c a hành ñộ ng. Câu có tính t d ng P2 th ườ ng có ngu n g c t nh ng câu b ñộ ng. The sorted mail was delivered to the offices before noon. (The mail had been sorted ). Frozen food is often easier to prepare than fresh food. (The food had been frozen ) The imprisoned men were unhappy with their living conditions. (The men had been imprisoned ) L ư u ý : M t s các ñộ ng t nh ư to interest, to bore, to excite, to frighten khi s d ng làm tính t th ườ ng khó xác ñị nh nên dùng lo i nào (phân t 1 hay phân t 2). Nguyên t c áp d ng c ũ ng gi ng nh ư ñ ã nêu trên: N ế u ch ng gây ra hành ñộ ng thì dùng P1, n ế u ch ng nh n tác ñộ ng c a hành ñộ ng thì dùng P2. Xét thêm các ví d sau: The boring professor put the students to sleep. The boring lecture put the students to sleep. The bored students went to sleep during the boring lecture . The child saw a frightening movie . The frightened child began to cry.
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