Pre destination anglican church formed for political

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Pre-destination Anglican church Formed for political reasons against popes authority Counterreformation Council of Trent Inquisition
Decline of Arabic Islamic empires in Southwest Asia Decline of intellectual vigor accompanied disintegration of  Abbasid Empire emphasis shifted to religion and away from philosophy and  science rise of Sufis landlords seized control of land, reduced peasantry to serfdom decline in state revenues from taxation decline of interest in international trade. 
Islamic Empires Ottoman Empire Major leader, Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent Took over Constantinople Long decline Safavid Empire Persia Shiite Muslim Mughal Empire India Hindu Majority ruled by Muslims All Three “Gunpowder Empires”
Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment Scientific Revolution Accelerated Pace of scientific discovery Modern thinking on Scientific reasoning and Logic Great thinkers of Scientific Revolution Sir Isaac Newton Galileo Enlightenment Emphasis on Scientific Method Faith in power of Human reason Criticism of the Church to some extent Great Thinkers of the Enlightenment Voltaire Rousseau
Humanism vs. Enlightenment 1280ish to late 1600s vs. 1650 to 1750ish Humanism (Age of Questioning) Emphasis on individual Classical works Centered in N. Italian city-states and traveled throughout world Elements include voluntary participation in civic affairs Spurred questioning attitude – cultural advancements, scientific revolution, age of  exploration, reformation Enlightenment (application of humanism) Age of Reason Belief in human perfectibility,  application of scientific discoveries to improvement of human condition;  reason was key to truth, while religion was afflicted with superstition;  changes in upbringing of children reduction of physical discipline, more education, greater  bonds of familial affection;  changes in economy reflected in mass consumerism;  greater technology applied to agriculture nitrogen-fixing crops, land drainage, improved  stock-breeding, new tools such as seed drill, introduction of potato as major food crop;  growth of reading clubs, coffee houses, and popular entertainment.  Voltaire father of Enlightenment
Ming/Qing China Reaction to Mongol Dynasty Used Mongol foundations to build empire Naval force Voyages of Zeng He Very Artistic (Ming ware) Qing (Manchu) Dynasty Established by Manchu People Full Scale European Trade begins in China Last Dynasty of China
Japanese Shogunate Japanese feudalism Shogun Daimyo Samurai Bushido Shogunates Kamakura and Ashikaga came before Most Famous is Tokugawa Shogunate Founded By Tokugawa Ieyasu Dictatorship, Highly centralized government Confucian Ideas Closed Ports to trade caused economic collapse
East Asian Exploration and Isolation (Xenophobic) Ming returned to use of Neo-Confucian philosophy as basis of culture restored position of scholar-gentry

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