Tang china unable to control former territory new

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Tang china unable to control former territory +New state Balhae out of Koguryo +698-end of 9th cent = Northern and Southern State Period (Balhae vs. Silla) +But debate whether balhae should be considered korean history - tang china had forcefully relocated much of Koguryo’s population out of this part and so predominant population of Balhae were Manchu people? Vs. nonetheless, the aristocracy of Balhae was Koguryo) +9th c. most part period of long steady decline for silla +Balhae still had few more decade of hey days left +Silla aristocrats busy fighting themselves, gradually lost control of rest of kingdom in the provinces, various individuals of silla became more powerful with army and tax bases +Chang Pogo (787–846) - commoner spent some time living in China but became successful maritime merchant - his business operation was so expansive and powerful that his merchant fleet functioned as defacto navy as Silla +Chang Pogo and fleet successfully ended piracy that was rampant then +He was so powerful that japanese travellers had to seek his good will and assistance +Chang pogo agreement to marry sillas daughter but crazY! Marriage alliance of royal house and commoner?! Can’t do can’t do +So silla aristocracy send assassins to Chang Pogo and killed him and ended his military era C. Ancient KOrea and Japan a.Mimana Nihonfu THeory i.Argument 1.Late 19th century, when japan was western powers etc behave like imperial power, japan put much effort into expanding its presence in korea and eventually taking over Korea one of the strategies used to rationalize takeover of KOrea was to claim that in the three kingdoms period, Japan controlled Southern Korea 2.Tried to find historical precedent 3.THEREFORE: ancient times, Japan had administered Korea in part of Gaya 4.No longer taken seriously by history 5.Taken accepting literally the far fetched Japanese sources that were very much focused on projecting Japan’s presence 6.Direct precursor of japan’s imperial court - traces itself to Yamato Court located near Kyoto ii.Criticism B. Horse Rider theory I. Japanese scholar: Egame something postulated theory that a group of people with horse riding technology made their way down Manchuria, NK and Paekche and eventually landed in Japanese Archipelago which founded Yamato Court Ii. Thus going down south, they founded series of states including Koguryo, Paekche etc Iii. Main criticism -Oversimplifies situation, archaeological remains from this period show that the Japanese society and economy evolved slowly and gradually not just changing as if there was a sudden invasion
A.Silla a.Bone-rank system i.Holy bones (songgol) ii.True bones (chingol) iii.Six Head-Ranks (yuktup’um) b.Monarchy c.Kyongju, the capital d.Provinces +Maintain strict caste-like organization called Bone-rank system +At top = holy/sacred bones: originally, they were the only ones who were eligible to ascend the throne - all surnamed Kim +7th century: male holy bones died out because apparently category was very strict and so imagine

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