Origins of the cold warleffler painter communist

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Origins of the Cold War—Leffler & Painter
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“…Communist Party membership soared because of the major role Communists played in anti-fascist resistance movements…” (7) o “US policymakers worried that wherever and however Communist groups attained power they would pursue policies that served the interests of the Soviet Union.” (7) Communist Party was gaining support and the US feared that the Soviet Union would gain too much power and this threatened democracy and capitalism. “After the Second World War the international system was shaped by five developments: Great Power rivalries, changes in the technology of warfare, transnational ideological conflict, reform and reconstruction of the world capitalist system, and movements of national liberation. Events in each of these areas affected one another, accentuating tension between the United States and the Soviet Union, generating an arms race, polarizing domestic and international politics, and splitting the world into military and political blocs.” (12) Competition to be the greatest world power, improvements in warfare technology, ideological disagreements, reform of the capitalist system (fixing the rate to the dollar?? Bretton Woods), and movements of national liberation led to the Cold War. De Caprariis Lecture Notes Ernest Bevin, British Minister of Foreign Affairs during the Cold War, was quoted: “ If I may again refer to the different political concepts, there is, I think rather unfortunately, running through all the speeches and writings of our Soviet friends the theory that they alone represent the workers — that they alone are democratic. o Hansard , House of Commons, 5th series, vol. 423, col. 1827; Speech in the House of Commons, 4 June 1946. After WW2, the Soviet Union was much weaker than the US o They did not have the atomic bomb o They had major destruction and extensive casualties o The war was not fought on US soil so not as bad for US Stalin realizes how weak the Soviet Union is o He becomes less compromising in his negotiations o This is to hide his weakness o Downplays American superiority February 9, 1946: Stalin gives public speech about how war is inevitable o Claims that capitalism is to blame for the world wars and that continuing on this path of capitalism, the world will only see more war and catastrophe
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o Believes countries do not develop at the same rate, with capitalism and that this will cause a hierarchy within the world order.
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