Lecture Question1) How did the goals and actions of the United States in Vietnam cause controversy at home and abroad?
Origins: 1947-1963The __________________ : Containing CommunismHo Chi Minh and the Defeat of the French Colonialists1954 Geneva Accords U.S. Supports South Vietnamese Ngo Dinh DiemNotes:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________“We do this to convince the leaders of North Vietnam--and all who seek to share their conquest-- of a simple fact: We will not be defeated. We will not grow tire. We will not withdraw either openly or under the cloak of a meaningless agreement.” LBJ speaking on American Policy in Vietnam, 4/7/65Deep Learning Exercise (prepare at home): You Tube video: LBJ on why the U.S. is in Vietnam, 7/28/65. (1) According to LBJ, what will happen if the United States does not become involvedin Vietnam? (Audio sound is spotty a few seconds).Notes: According to LBJ if we do not get involved in Vietnam, then we could possibly become a communist company if they took over. [rewatch]Escalation: 1964-1968How Vietnam Became Johnson’s War: ostuck with ________________________; didn’t want to be criticized as “soft on communism”; didn’t want to be first modern American president to lose a war.1964 Gulf of Tonkin ResolutionoCongress approved _________________________________________.Troop Escalation o1961-1963 (1,000 to 16,000 “Advisors”)o1964-1968 (25,000 to 500,00 ground troops)Notes:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________American TroopsThe Draft and Military Serviceo1, 857, 304 drafted into the military (1964-1973)4
o19 years-old: average age of combat soldier in 1968o________ served in disproportionate rates; ________________eligible for deferment (until 1971)Fighting a War for Unclear Reasonso____________________Tests American characteroAverage monthly death toll increases-- 1965:172; 1966:412; 1967: 770; 1968: 1,200War of Attrition: 1968 My Lai MassacreNotes:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Tet Offensive and StalemateJan.-Feb. 1968 Tet Offensive Deep Learning Homework (Complete at Home): Watch Walter Cronkite’s Commentary, CBS 2/27/68. What was Cronkite’s main message? How do you think Americans responded to Cronkite’s commentary on the Tet Offensive? YouTube Link: Answer:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Notes:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Hawks DefectThe ___________________, 1968: originators of the containment policy say the war is not winnable.