Medical History It is a good idea to inquire whether the child had a medical

Medical history it is a good idea to inquire whether

This preview shows page 264 - 267 out of 608 pages.

Medical History It is a good idea to inquire whether the child had a medical condition that might be manifested in the face with growth. Seek input from physicians about specialized conditions and incorporate any appropriate effects on the face as directed by the medical specialist. Parental Input Some artists seek input from parents of the missing child, but this may produce complications. While parents of a missing child may provide helpful information regarding that child, the production of an age progression will be a very personal and emotionally charged experience for them. They will also be naturally inclined to want to see an idealized, healthy view of the child, when the reality might be different. Assess each case individually and always treat the parents with respect and consideration. Craniofacial Growth General Trends Figure 7.2 shows a comparison of the fetal skull to the adult skull, with alignment of the orbital cavities of the eyes in the frontal view. The very obvious proportional change in the amount of lower face is one of the most fundamental aspects of facial growth. Over time, young children s faces grow downward and forward. Figure 7.3 shows lateral tracings of the typical growth pattern from 1 month to 6 years and then to 18 years. The forehead transitions from a bulbous look to a more upright and fl attened look. The lower half of the face drifts downward and forward or outward. Medical illustrator Louise Gordon discusses general facial growth trends: when a child is born the bones of the skull and neck are by no means complete. The process of enlargement goes on, and the ossi fi cation is usually not totally completed until the adult reaches twenty- fi ve years of age. In the early years between one and seven, and especially in the fi rst year, there are noticeable changes of which the artist should be aware. The upper and lower jaws are increasing in size and changing form. They
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242 Forensic Art and Illustration Figure 7.2 Proportional comparison of the fetal skull (left) and the adult skull (right). (Illustration by KTT.) Figure 7.3 Lateral tracings of the typical growth pattern from 1 month to 6 years and then to 18 years. (Illustration by KTT after Broadbent and the Bolton Study.) 1 month 6 years 18 years
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Age Progression: Growth 243 are becoming more prominent as they grow towards the adult state. The cranium, that part of the skull which encloses the brain and protects it, is enlarging as the brain grows. The margins of the bone of the orbital cavities in which the eyes sit are changing from being round in the baby to becoming more rectangular. It is the time of change from the rounder-eyed look of the baby to the longer-eyed look of the adult. Growth is slow from the seventh year until puberty. Then there is enlargement again, particularly in the face when the permanent teeth begin to form. This is when the lengthening of the face is noticeable and the distance from the eyes to the bottom of the chin becomes so much greater.
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  • Winter '16
  • George Bouckovalas
  • forensic facial reconstruction

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