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DSST Fundamentals of counseling

The third stage of the consulting process is the

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The third stage of the consulting process is the problem definition . Together the counselor and client discover what it is exactly that requires resolution. By defining the problem, the goal is also established. The fourth stage of the consulting process is intervention selection. At this point the counselor chooses the best course of action. This will of course be determined by the needs of the client and the setting. The final phase of the consulting process is evaluation and termination . The success of the process is evaluated. The parties agree to end the counseling because either the outcome was successful or the likelihood of success is limited. While working with a client to improve his or her quality of life and experience, counselors often take on the role of client advocate. More often than not, the counselor takes on the responsibility of bringing together all the resources necessary to affect meaningful change in the client’s life. This may involve a team of professionals or involving friends and family or soliciting the aid of other professional agencies. Essentially the counselor becomes the client’s voice and helps him or her gain access to the means that will enable a positive result. Group counseling is the use of group interaction to facilitate self-understanding as well as individual behavior change. Group therapy has been used for many years but it has recently gained a great deal of popularity. Most major events that produce psychological problems have associated groups for afflicted individuals to join: groups for alcoholics, divorced people, parents, singles, sexual abuse survivors, incest survivors, victims of rape, etc… Group therapy emphasizes personal change and development of all the group members. The focus in group therapy shifts from solely being concerned with helping each individual client achieve their own goals, to encouraging the group members to work together and help each other succeed. It is through this group effort that individual understanding develops and each client naturally helps himself or herself to make positive changes. A group consists of three or more members. Once there is more than one client per counselor, the therapy is considered group counseling. Guidance groups are discussion sessions with an emphasis on education and prevention.
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A guidance group is relatively structured and the topic is prearranged and follows a set schedule. The counselor leads the group through the discussion and keeps it on track. Typically guidance groups deal with educational, vocational, and social issues and have upwards of 20 participants. Counseling groups focus on the individual rather than the topic. Counseling groups are usually limited to five to ten participants and the discussion is unstructured. This format allows the discussion to go in the direction dictated by each individual’s input. The counselor creates a safe environment to share ideas and feelings and these groups are effective only if the participants are comfortable with sharing. The focus is on
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