Montgomery bus boycott 1955 started by rosa parks

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-- Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955) started by Rosa Parks, Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat. She knew what she was doing. Started by women most boycotts, they were the ones that organized these. Black community refused to ride buses. 4. Nonviolent Demonstrations: -- Birmingham, Alabama (1962): turning point in the civil rights movement, not because of how the protests were being produced, the media changed everything. Increasingly inter racial. Stated out peaceful but turned out violent. Stuff that was filmed, so people saw this and feeds the civil rights movement all over the country. -- Washington D.C. (1963): quarter million people, marched on Washington D.C., national mall. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famous speech here. 5. Civil Rights Act of 1964: President Johnson, enforcement for the early rulings that were resisted. 6. Voting Rights Act (1965): stronger protection of voting for blacks. 72 blacks hold office. 1977 over 2,000 do in the South. III. Urban Race Riots: represent a kind of distinct of unhappiness and pent up rage of blacks. Over 100 race riots between 1964-1968. Lasted a day at most.
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A. Urban Black Ghettos: growing problems with unemployment, etc. B. Watts (Los Angeles, 1965): one of the first, routine pullover, 50,000 people in the street, extensive looting, gun stores particularly, extensive arson, firefighters r shot upon. 34 people killed, 4,000 arrested, 35 million dollars damage. C. Detroit: largely more of the same – 34 killed, 7000 arrested IV. Two men – Two approaches: A. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968): Southern, middle class, college educated, preacher son. B. Malcolm X (1925-1965): Northern ghettos, spent time in prison, Islamic, been on the street.
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