Meaningful participation the involvement of the

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Meaningful Participation – the involvement of the person in relevant, engaging and positive activities with opportunities for responsibility and contribution Internal Assets 1. Social Competence – ability to communicate effectively and appropriate, and to demonstrate caring, flexibility, and responsiveness on social situations a. Cooperation and communication skills b. Empathy c. Problem solving skills
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2. Autonomy and Sense of Self a. Sense of personal identity and power b. Personal conviction c. Self-efficacy (belief in one’s own competence) d. Self-awareness 3. Sense of Meaning & Purpose a. Belief and understanding that one’s life has coherence and makes a difference b. Optimism c. Goals and aspirations Anxiety Anxiety is an emotion characterised by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure. People with anxiety disorders usually have recurring intrusive thoughts or concerns. They may avoid certain situations out of worry. Symptoms: Fear, anxiety and worry are normal emotions. To be considered an anxiety disorder, the level of worry anxiety and fear is beyond normal and beyond the individual’s control Panic disorder: feelings of unreality, dizzy, accelerated heart rate, shortness of breath, nausea fear of dying, sweating, trembling or shaking, hot flushes or cold chills Anxiety disorders: Psychologists have defined 6 main types of anxiety disorders: Generalised anxiety disorder Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) Panic disorder Specific phobias Post-Traumatic Stress disorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) General Treatments CBT – clients are helped to understand how their thinking, and therefore symptoms escalate out of control. They are then taught to challenge their unhelpful way of thinking and shown ways of controlling their symptoms. Clients are taught to slow their breathing down Medication – prescribed medications such as sedatives to help them relax.
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