I ii iii iv v 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

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I II III IV V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Education INCOME QUINTILE Tertiary Secondary Primary Without formal education Mobile penetration in Brazil Source: OSILAC, CEPAL, 2008. Stand-alone effects
13 I II III IV V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Education INCOME QUINTILE Tertiary Secondary Primary Without formal education Mobile penetration in Brazil Source: OSILAC, CEPAL, 2008. Stand-alone effects I II III IV V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Education INCOME QUINTILE Tertiary Secondary Primary Without formal education Mobile penetration in Brazil Source: OSILAC, CEPAL, 2008. Stand-alone effects I II III IV V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 …more income, more access Education INCOME QUINTILE Tertiary Secondary Primary Without formal education Mobile penetration in Brazil Source: OSILAC, CEPAL, 2008. Stand-alone effects
14 I II III IV V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 INCOME QUINTILE Tertiary Secondary Primary Without formal education Education Mobile penetration in Brazil Source: OSILAC, CEPAL, 2008. Stand-alone effects I II III IV V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 INCOME QUINTILE Tertiary Secondary Primary Without formal education Education Mobile penetration in Brazil Source: OSILAC, CEPAL, 2008. Stand-alone effects I II III IV V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 INCOME QUINTILE Tertiary Secondary Primary Without formal education Education Mobile penetration in Brazil Source: OSILAC, CEPAL, 2008. Stand-alone effects
15 I II III IV V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 …same income, but more education => more access Education INCOME QUINTILE Tertiary Secondary Primary Without formal education Mobile penetration in Brazil Source: OSILAC, CEPAL, 2008. Stand-alone effects I II III IV V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Education INCOME QUINTILE Tertiary Secondary Primary Without formal education Mobile penetration in Brazil Source: OSILAC, CEPAL, 2008. Stand-alone effects I II III IV V SEF PRI SEC TeP 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 I II III IV V PRI SEC TeP 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 I II III IV V SEF PRI SEC TeP 65,4 40,0 25,9 14,9 27,5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 I II III IV V PRI SEC TeP 19,1 4,5 1,8 0,0 0,0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Source: OSILAC, in Hilbert and Peres, 2009 Mobile Brazil Mobile Paraguay Internet Brazil Internet Paraguay INCOME EDUCATION Stand alone effects of education & income