Comparison of modes characteristics modes air motor

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Comparison of Modes & Characteristics Modes Air Motor Rail Water Pipeline Characteristics Cost Capability Accessibility Intermodal Reliability
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Articulated truck designs U.S. design 2 axle articulated truck European design 3 axle truck Specialised articulated vehicle ‘Artic’ detached from its tractor Separate tractor & trailer units Capacity: 60-75m 3 The largest class of commercial transport vehicles Many different designs & types
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Transport objectives 1. Use Large vehicles, as these are more economical 2. Utilize full vehicle capacity 3. Minimize idle time
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Some examples of maritime vessels Roll-on/Roll-off (RO/RO) Container vessel General cargo Tanker Conference lines: organisations of shipowners that operate the same rou Non-conference lines: independent shipping companies on the same rout Route tramping: time or voyage-based chartering
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Evaluating the costs of alternative modes of transport ? ITC M10:U2:2.3-3
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ITC M10:U2:2.3-6 Action Point Based on your analysis of this exercise, which are the main issues that you may wish to look into further and/or possibly change in relation to your company’s shipping arrangements for these goods?
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Bill of Lading Schedule of information relating to the shipment (front) Standard contractual clauses (back) The main components of a Bill of Lading B/L ITC M10:U2:2.5-1
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Voyage charter Time charter A B Types of charter ITC M10:U2:2.5-5
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Charter Party - Part I Charter type, date and place of signature Identity and place of business of ship owner, charterer, broker and shipper(s) Vessel s name gross and net registered tonnage Vessel s deadweight cargo carrying capacity in tons (tonnes) Ports of loading and discharge & present position of the vessel Expected date on which the ship will be ready for charter Nature and quantity of cargoes that can be loaded Freight charges, loading & discharge costs and daily demurrage Permitted laytime for loading and discharge of ship Brokerage commission Signature of the ship owner and the charterer 1.
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