and 45% believe the Constitution punishes revolutionary speech); A M . C OUNCIL OF T R . AND A LUMNI , A Crisis in Civic Education (Jan. 2016), /A_Crisis_in_Civic_Education.pdf; A NNENBERG P UB . P OLICY C TR . OF THE U NIV . OF PA., Americans Are Poorly Informed About Basic Constitutional Provisions (Sept. 12, 2017), - constitutional-provisions; One in Three Americans Fail Immigrant Naturalization Civics Test , X AVIER U NIV . C TR . FOR THE S TUD . OF THE A M . D REAM (April 27, 2012), ? seo_file=One-in-Three-Americans- Fail-Immigrant-Naturalization-Civics-Test&grp_id=319#.Wo w_9ajwa70. 39. See Public Trust in Government Remains Near Historic Lows as Partisan Attitudes Shift , P EW R ESEARCH C TR . (May 3, 2017), - in-government-remains-near-historic-lows-as-partisan-attitudes-shift/ (reporting that “the
2018] A MENDING THE A MENDMENT P ROCEDURES 127 direction the country is taking, 40 and that only a minority is satisfied with the way the nation is being governed. 41 Congress and its members receive particular disapproval: “Congress engenders the lowest confidence of any institution that Gallup tests, and Americans rate the honesty and ethics of members of Congress as the lowest among 22 professions in Gallup’s [surveys].” 42 In 2017, approval of Congress was only at 19% of those surveyed, making 2017 “the eighth consecutive year in which less than 20% of Americans have approved of Congress.” 43 Current views towards both the Democratic and Republican parties are likewise at historic lows. 44 “Dissatisfaction with government” tops the list of national problems respondents identify. 45 (Of all public institutions, the military has the strongest level of support. 46 The Supreme Court also consistently receives higher marks than do the other branches of the federal government. 47 ) Half of Americans even believe the federal government “poses an immediate threat to the rights and freedoms of ordinary citizens.” 48 In sum, we overall level of trust in government remains near historic lows; and that just 20% say they trust the government to do what’s right always or most of the time”). 40. Id. (“By 66% to 30% more Americans say they are dissatisfied than satisfied with the way things are going in the country today.”). 41. Jeffrey M. Jones, Frank Newport & Lydia Saad, How Americans Perceive Government in 2017 , G ALLUP (Nov. 1, 2017), /americans-perceive-government-2017.aspx. 42. Id. 43. Megan Brenan, 2017 Congressional Job Approval Average Remains Low , G ALLUP (Dec. 14, 2017), - remains-low.aspx. 44. Jones, Newport & Saad, supra note 41.