A stop sign B none of these C the white rat in Watsons Little Albert study of

A stop sign b none of these c the white rat in

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An example of a discriminative stimulus might be a ________________. A) stop sign B) none of these C) the white rat in Watson's Little Albert study of producing phobias D) the stimulus that acts as a UCS in classical conditioning A. Stop sign Which of the following statements is true about operant conditioning? A) Which of the following statements is true about operant conditioning? B) Continuous reinforcement and partial reinforcement lead to behaviors that persist for equally long periods of time. C) Continuous reinforcement leads to behaviors that will persist longer than behavior learned through partial or intermittent reinforcement. D) Partial reinforcement leads to behaviors that will persist longer than behavior learned through continuous reinforcement. D. Partial reinforcement leads to behaviors that will persist longer than behavior learned through continuous reinforcement Learning that takes place without actual performance (a kind of latent learning) is called _____________. A) the observational delay effect B) the innate performance preference C) the learning/performance distinction D) the delayed learning paradigm C. The learning/performance distinction A child learns that whenever he eats all of his dinner he gets a cookie for dessert. This type of learning is BEST explained by _______________. A) operant conditioning B) classical conditioning C) biofeedback theory D) biofeedback theory A. Operant conditioning While watching the evening news you see a story about domestic abuse and wonder "why would anyone stay in a relationship where they are being abused?" According to Seligman, one factor that may contribute to victim's staying in abusive relationships is _____________________.
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A) conditioned emotional response B) learned helplessness C) observational learning D) instinctive drift B. Learned helplessness Watson's experiment with Little Albert demonstrated that fears might be __________. A) based on the principle of observational learning B) based on Skinner's analysis of positive reinforcement C) deeply rooted in the innate unconscious of infants D) based on classical conditioning D. Based on classical conditioning There are two kinds of behavior that all organisms are capable of doing. If Inez blinks her eyes because a gnat flies close to them, that's _____________. But if she then swats at the gnat, that's _____________. A) instrumental; classical B) involuntary; voluntary C) voluntary; involuntary D) operant; instrumental B. Involuntary; voluntary In an experiment, two groups of dogs are given shocks to their feet. One group is able to escape the shocks by jumping over a barrier. The second group is harnessed and cannot escape. After several trials, both groups are put in situations where they CAN escape. The first group escapes the shocks but the second group just sits and whines, refusing to attempt to escape. The response of the second group is due to ______. A) learned helplessness B) latent learning C) contingency blocking D) response generalization A. Learned helplessness Human beings generally have an aversion to bitter and sour foods. Some researchers suggest that this is because foods that are inedible or even poisonous are often bitter or sour. The tendency of human beings to find these
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