Mood disorders 20%oIntermittent explosive disorder, etc. Alcohol/Drug Abuse 13% for a lifetime Bipolar disorder 3.9% Schizophrenia 1.1%PTSD 6.8%Anxiety, mood disorders, and alcohol/drug abuse are the most common Bipolar disorder and Schizophrenia have a high risk of suicide (5%) Lessons:oSome of the most serious mental illnesses are concentrated in a small amount of the population = not evenly distributedoSome factors to look at are social class, gender, race, etc.
Changes:oMore awarenessoCognizant oTherapy culture oImproved diagnostic criteriaoMedication oMore evidence today about how to help peopleEvidence-based treatment: proven to be effective oFinding sourcesStudying the brainEven if it’s overestimates, mental illness is widespreadWe have not found a way to separate distress from disorderMedical hierarchy – labeling and defining by psychiatryWe need to include context, experiences, and beliefs rather than just have a checklist Three Approaches to Understand Causes oBiological Theory – universal properties, discrete symptoms Brain – if it’s damaged, structure/parts are affected, neuron, pathwaysGenetics Anatomy Concussions – causing damage to the brain brought attention Treatment: Surgery and medication oPsychological Theory – within the mind “intra” – internalLearningTreatment: Changing personality oSociological Theory – external environmentEnvironment social class, poverty, etc.Change in circumstances/environment
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