President hoover said that it was an experiment noble

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President Hoover said that it was “…anexperiment noble in purpose…”but was, in reality, too radical an approach to be successful; violationsbegan almost as soon as it went into effect.Volstead Act (1919): the enabling legislation passed by the Congress to enforce Prohibition.Public Reaction:a perfect example of the theory of “supply and demand” at work; many wantedalcohol, and if they could not get it through legal means, they would throughillegalmeans; gangs of organized criminals (gangsters) began to supply, whatlegitimatebusinesses could not, to meet the public demand; “bootlegging” and“speakeasies”sprang up in almost every major city.Organized Crime:Al Capone, in Chicago, was the most famous of the Prohibition Era gangsters; hissyndicate brought over millions of dollars of illegal alcohol into the countryannually; held contracts with suppliers in Europe and Canada, withtruckingcompanies and shipping lines, with warehouses, etc.; it was a verylucrativebusiness venture, on a huge scale, that used bribery, payoffs,threats, andviolence to secure its success.Elliott Ness and The Untouchables:the famous federal agent and his group of incorruptible officerswho fought these gangs, with limited success.21stAmendment:after a 13 year experiment, the 18thAmendment was repealed, and liquor wasonce again legal in the United States.--------------Fundamentalism:the Protestant Movement in the U.S. which tried to go back to traditional,conservative, Christian roots (fundamentals) – called for strict adherence totheexact word of the Bible, religious revivals, and the use of radio programs topromote a rededication to basic religious principles.Scopes Trial:test case in rural Tennessee, over the teaching of Darwin’s “theory of evolution” inpublic schools, which was opposed by the fundamentalists as contradictory oftheBible’s teaching of creation;became known as “The Monkey Trial;”brought twoof thenation’s most famous lawyers against each other – William Jennings Bryant =againstevolution, and Clarence Darrow = defended the teacher; the trial exposedthe deepdivisions in America between traditional religious beliefs and the moremodern scientificbeliefs; although the jury convicted the teacher, a new sense of attentionfocused onthe opponents of fundamentalism, who supported more modern ways ofthought, andsupported by the scientific developments of the time;the result was that
many peoplebegan to question and challenge traditional ways of thought,beginning a new “liberal”movement to the United States.Unit #25:The Great DepressionBackground:the financial costs of the war were devastating to most of the economies of the world;Germany was unable to meet its reparations payments in full; the standard ofliving inmost countries dropped significantly after the war; economies geared forwar productionwere slow to return to a peacetime production cycle.

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Term
Fall
Professor
MALAVIS
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