Infrastructure increase is needed to support population increase
The demand for residential floor space is expected to increase by 90% by 2025
As incomes rise the average number of people per household decreases
The demand for dwellings is increasing due to both population increase and smaller average
The demand for commercial floor space is expected to increase by 75% by 2025
A total increase of approx. 80,000km2
Sanitation is a key driver of early urban population expansion
As economies and populations expand the provision of water treatment infrastructure for
drinking and sanitation also increases.
Increase in water usage to 270 billion cubic metres p.a.
Investment of US$480 billion
For perspective Sydney harbour volume is 562 million cubic metres
Increased economic activity (GDP) requires increased transportation of goods.
Emerging markets will generate 85% of the increase in demand for containerised transport.
Over 90% of consumer goods are transported by containers, through sea ports.
This is all exciting because:
Think about raw materials in buildings
Increased demand for coal, iron ore, copper, silica/sand, timber etc.
Transportation of goods requires energy
Increased demand for oil and petroleum.
Increased demand leads to increased prices globally
Is this level of natural resource usage sustainable?
Rise of the new middle class
As income increases, spending power increases
The World Bank’s measure of middle class is US$2–US$13 per day.
People in this income bracket don’t have the disposable income to purchase consumer goods.
The global middle class is increasing - Most of this increase is coming from the emerging
Indian and Chinese markets
Items such as refrigerators which are important to health etc are more readily adopted by
middle class rather than items such as washing machine
Multi National Corporations