Pierre Bourdieu- Social Capital-the access to resources people have by virtue of relationships & connections within a social network.-contributes to class stratification.-families are networks that connect us with social capital.-social network crucial to understanding class stratification and inequality. Social Class Categories (Wright and Rogers 2011)-imprecise but provide useful framework for thinking about social class.-Upper; upper middle; middle; working; lower.-generally individuals tend to die in same social class they were born into (social mobilityacross generations is difficult.)9/22/26Exam 1: chapters 1-4Educational Inequality (difference in earning by education)*gini index of inequality, 1947-2011. Figure 4.6Family Structure and Social Class: Distribution of Children by Family Type and Family Income, 2010. *Figure 4.10
Social Class Mobility and Class persistence: MoneyFamily structure-money-time-social capitalFamilies and Class IdentityFamilies networks help us understand class identity (the awareness of and sense of belonging to a specific social class)People are socialized according to family’s class perspective-distinct patterns of interaction, shared patterns of thinking and acting. Family practices-concerted cultivation among middle class.-activities to enhance cognitive and social development.-children taught to engage w/ authority figures.Accomplishment of Natural Growth among the working class-child development is a natural process.-fewer formal activities. -more unscheduled play time. *Review Tuesday!9/27/16Midterm Thursday- chapters 1-4*Study 5 powerpoint slides; re-read in book.*45 M/C questions. *3 short answer.*1 short answer on notes of Aug 30theverybody loves Raymond and Working Girl discussion. *study social distance.*study graphs. Classes on the other side of the track, social classes don’t mingle. *HS drop out and college education rate chart.*”Bachelors Bump” chart. BA degree worth more if you come from a wealthy family.*Educational inequality differences in earnings by education.More than a BA has become more important in income more recently.10/11/16 TuesdaySex and Gender notes cont…Last class: sex and gender definition.Intersex: a condition in which a person’s chromosomal composition does not correspondwith his or her sexual anatomy at birth, or the anatomy is not clearly male or female.Transgender:an individual whose gender identity does not match their assigned sex.Biological Perspective“Natural roles” of men and women serve the greater good.
-Sociological perspective equal to this= breadwinner/ homemaker.Feminism: gender identity and gender inequality are central to the social order and to family life-rigid gender categories and roles serve a male-dominated society.