They made prophecies the greeks believed in an

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They made prophecies. The Greeks believed in an afterlife. It was believed that the god Hermes led the soul to the River Styx (boundary between the living and the underworld). Greeks were buried with coins in order to pay the ferrymen to take them across the River Styx. After crossing the river, the soul was met by a panel of judges that determined the soul’s fate in the afterlife. Elysian Fields was the desired destination point for Greek souls. Below is chart that lists a few of the Greek gods and goddesses. Greek God/GoddessPowerZeusFather of the GodsHeraWife of Zeus, Goddess of MarriagePoseidonGod of the SeaPlutoGod of UnderworldApolloGod of Sun, Music, Truth, HealingAresGod of WarAphroditeGoddess of Love and BeautyAthenaGoddess of WisdomThe Fifth Century BCThe fifth century B.C. of Greek civilization opened with the Persian Wars and ended with the debilitating Peloponnesian War. However, between the two wars,Athens flourished. This time period is often referred to as the Golden Age of Greek. We will discuss this highly creative period at little later.The Persian WarsRemember, under King Cyrus, the Persians conquered Asia Minor including Ionia and the city state of Miletus. Miletus was inhabited by Greeks.7
In 499 B.C., the Persians experienced rebellion at the hands of the Ionians in Asia Minor. These rebellions were centered in Miletus. A Persian army sent by King Darius suppressed this rebellion. The Greeks of Ionia appealed to Athens for help. Athens was a fledgling democracy at this time and could only send a small fleet of 20 ships. They would not be much help. Darius’s armies crushed the rebellions and just for spite, they burned Miletus to the ground. Afterwards, the Persians turned their attention to Athens for daring to get involved in their affairs. In 490 B.C., Darius sent a fleet across the Aegean to attack Athens. The Persians greatly outnumbered the Athenians. However, Athens was aware that the Persians were coming and attempted to get help. Of course, they appealed to the greatest Greek army, the Spartans. Athens sent their faster runner, Pheidippides, to Sparta 150 miles away to request their help. Sparta was in the middle of a religious celebration and refused to come to the aidof Athens. The Athenian army under the leadership of Miltiades marched out to face the Persians on the Plain of Marathon, 26 miles away from Athens. It was one of the greatest victories of all time. The much smaller Greek army defeated the huge, undefeated Persian army. Not only had Athens been saved, but also democracy! There would have been no Golden Age had they lost this battle! The runner Pheidippides ran the 26 miles from the battlefield to Athens to deliver the victorious news. Unfortunately, he pushed too hard and ran too fast.

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