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stayed in the Senate because his loyalty lay with the Union; a month after Lincoln's death he began his Reconstruction vision which offered amnesty to Southerners who promised to keep their allegiance to the Constitution, however the Southern elite were exempt from this because Johnson blamed them for secessionCharles Sumner - The Republican idealist who pushed for black suffrage during Reconstruction as a principle of black freedom and racial equality.Thaddeus Stevens - A Republican leader and one of the most powerful members of the United States House of Representatives. He was chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee,and a witty, sarcastic speaker and flamboyant party leader who dominated the House from 1861 until his death and wrote much of the financial legislation that paid for the American Civil War.Nathan Bedford Forrest - General Forrest may have been one of the most respected cavalrymen of the Civil War, but his legend is marred by his racism. Before the Civil War, Forrestwas a slave trader, and after the war he became one of the first Grand Wizards of the Ku Klux Klan.