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○How long before returning a call/text?○Wait your turn or cut in? Rudeness vs politeness●PersonalAppearance○Body displays (hair color/style, piercing, tattoos, etc.)○Clothing and artifacts■Can signal authority, legitimacy and belonging●Intrapersonal Communication (perception of self and others)○Interpersonal is within interpersonal is between○Perception processes■Intrapersonal comm involves mentally “making sense” of people/world.■Attention●We are selective about what we perceive.●Internal factors affecting attention:○Physiological filters (pain, disabilities such as deaf or blind,lack of sleep). ■Our physical state in the moment.■Limitations of our senses and brain. ■Focus on two things at once doesn’t split your focuson half it ends up being about 10% and 10%.○Psychological filters■Motivation or interest■Past experiences and expectations●External Factors that affect attention○salience : stimulus stands out from others (colors, tastes, etc.)
○Vividness: stimulus has intensity, provokes emotional response.■Organization●We structure our perceptions ○Simplify complex info.○Fit info into “schemas”■Which are mental structures for representing generic concepts. Ex: what happens when you go to the doctor. Have a general idea of what to expectfrom past experiences our traditions.■Interpretation●We evaluate our perceptions.○Make judgments, draw conclusions.○Biases and mental short-cuts (include schemas, stereotypes, etc.) influence our conclusions.●Example: pic of rabbit/duck.Week 4#2: Intrapersonal Communication (cont)●Upload paper by monday on gs and bring hard copy to lecture.●Review guide online after wed week 5.●Impression formation○The way we combine info to get a general “sense” of a person.○overall, taking everything together, what is your general sense?○Attend to some info, not all.○Organize info into a weighted average.■What gets the greatest weight?●Info about stable traits (part of who they are, not a mood or something temporary, nice person)●Info about “central” traits (so valued to you that when someone has it, it will carry more weight than other traits, being funny)○Warm vs cold trait example in class.●Info from a credible source●Info we receive first (“primary effect”)○If you trip going into an interview that will weigh the most.●Info about extreme or unusual behavior. (olympic gold medalist example)-can be good or bad things.●Info about negative traits (trip in interview)○Need to be aware of negative traits to protect ourselves.○Biases in Impression Formation■Halo effect - initial impression (pos or neg) influences how we weigh otherinformation. No matter what bad the “good kid” does, they are still the good kid and vice versa.■Contrast effect - impressions influenced by comparison to who just came before/ something else. Meet funny person then meet boring person, in
that order will make the funny person seem even funnier. Relative to location for meeting.