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1870-1871 Franco Prussian war Wars were over before they began They had Austrian and French battle plansSuperior weapons and mobility Good leadership o(2) Crimean War
More imperial issues that European issuesOttoman Empire, British, French against Russians Lasted couple of years 1853-1856 oPrussia founded Germany in 1871 Italy is unified between 1858-1861 Why general peace? oTraditional explanations1.War exhaustion 2.Fear of change a.European leaders had seen great potential that war had for revolution and kings getting heads cut off wanted to avoidwar 3.Moderate peace settlement a.Prevented revanchism(a policy of regaining lost territory) b.Very moderate that it would be forgotten in time 4.Return of balance of power diplomacy a.Heart of it is Britain GB sought to maintain balance of power between all states so they would shift their sense of commitment to a partner and willingness to fight to a foe. i.Could only do so much to keep balance of power oStructural explanations 1.Concert of Europea.Took time for France to be invited into it b.Coalition originally fought against French c.Systematic restraint: i.Agreement among great powers of noninterference in each others affairs ii.If aggressor state were to rise up, the other 4 powers would work together to bring state down d.Interest in maintaining balance2.Insulated Europea.Insulated from outside and colonial conflicts b.The British navy imposed a separation between Europe and