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battle ships as quickly as America could, they were not ready to surrender, but were ready to fight to their deaths. On July 26th, 1945, the United States warned Japan that they must surrender or face “prompt and utter destruction”. However, the Japanese responded with the term “mokusatsu”, meaning “silent kill”, the notion that the idea of surrender was so ludicrous that it would die in silence and contempt. Knowing that the Japanese were not about to surrender, America could have taken two steps – to invade and firebomb mainland Japan or to drop their billion dollar project, the atomic bomb, on Japan. By taking the step to invade and firebomb Japan, the casualties of both the Japanese and the US soldiers would increase by millions more, but by dropping the atomic bomb, there were fewer than 500,000 deaths. Instead of dropping a single atomic bomb on Hiroshima, President Truman went ahead and gave the order to drop a second atomic bomb, this time on Nagasaki. People argued whether