This is the work of the living When the gods created mankind the appointed

This is the work of the living when the gods created

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your lap. This is the work [of the living]. - When the gods created mankind the appointed death for us and kept immortality for themselves- barmaid tells him to live his life to the fullest - The relationship between humans and gods is an ontological distinction- gods have eternal life and humans have the inevitability of death - Death for us is being stuck in the dark eating bad food- so draw as much meaning and pleasure from existence because there is nothing to look forward to after we die The meso buried their dead inside communities and homes because they need to offer them food as a moral obligation (commensal community) - Also thought the ghosts could haunt them so they didn’t want to anger the dead and would honour and feed them - If they were sick, crops failing, child death- thought it could be due to a dead angry relative Zoroastrain traditions Founding prophet: Zoroaster (dates unclear) Doctrines - Cosmos in conflict between Ahura Mazda (the Wise Lord) and Angra Mainyu (/ Ahriman- the “devil”)- dualistic but not firmly because Ahura Mazda has much more power and she will prevail - Progression of history will lead to a final judgment (at the time of creation all is good, during the time of mixture Angra attacks and brings some evil- then there is a period of
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seperation where Mazda will triumph and there will be a purified cosmos and the spiritfs of all the dead will be as well – human souls will dewll in perfect bliss but only after Angra is defeated) - Anything related to death is related to Angra- death is impure because its associated with decomposition which are traits of the evil one(prior to the defeat) Human soul and the Fravashi - They are the voice of conscious towards goodness and are always with us - Valuable to acknowledge them and honour them - At death the individual soul goes to judgment and the Fravashi goes to the other world Personal judgment - 4 days after death the soul journeys to the bridge and this is where judgment happens as they could go to realm of bliss or realm of hell Note: punishment is NOT eternal - Once final conflict with Mazda and Angra all the individuals in land of bliss and punishment will either experience brief extreme bliss or punishment but at the end both will dwell in eternal happiness with Maza Funeral practices - Individuals have to prepare themselves for their own deaths - They must recite the following prayer with a priest when they feel like they are dying Holiness (Asha) is the best of all good: it is also happiness. Happy the man who is holy with perfect holiness! The will of the Lord is the law of righteousness. The gifts of Vohu-mano to the deeds done in this world for Mazda. He who relieves the poor makes Ahura king. - a sign of a good death if they survive long enough to survive this prayer and they will be happier in their death than those who cannot - the notion that you can prepare yourself for judgement through rites, rituals and prayers- key aspect of their death Zoroastrian Funeral Practices - Preparation for death
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