4.1.4 Public participation Tourism as an emerging economic activity demands collaboration from all the multiple stakeholders for effective consensus building in tourism planning processes. At ministry of tourism, the key stakeholders are the local government authorities, private sector operators, tourists, and the community members. It emerged from the interviews with the respondent that the assembly does not actively engage in tourism activities. The participatory role of local governments allows them to directly provide facilities at destinations and through which internal revenues are generated to complement the developmental efforts. The respondent noted that popular public facilities such as street furniture, libraries, parks, gardens, halls and galleries, and other aesthetics features to attract visitors to destinations are facilitated by the ministry and the assemblies. 4.2 Factors that inhibit local governments in sustainable tourism development . Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts is the highest decision making body in tourism planning and development. As part of the policy-making body in Ghana, the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts is made up of two main implementing bodies: The Hotel, Tourism and Catering Training Institute and the Ghana Tourism Authority, which was established in 2011 by an act of parliament (Act 817). The Tourism Act 2011 requires that the Ghana Tourism Authority should decentralize its decision-making functions to the local levels. This is
expected to engender effective relationship with the local level policy actors in ensuring that programmes and activities of tourism are mainstreamed into the local level Medium-term Development Plan. The findings suggest that factors such as absence of legal framework to mandate local governments tourism planning and development, no district level offices, conflict between culture and tourism, and lack of political will were found to limit the ability of ministry of tourism to actively plan and develop tourism sector. 4.3 Sustainable Development Indicators: Concepts and Framework in public Sectors. One of the tools recently proposed for measuring sustainability is the estimation of indicators (Mowforth and Munt, 1998). Indicators are being used for some decades in order to provide instant information on parameters people are interested in and have been traditionally used to measure economic development. A first set of Swedish Sustainable Development Indicators was published in 2011. The publication was made by Statistics Sweden in co-operation with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency for the Ministry of the Environment. Work with the publication was under direction of a steering committee composed of representatives from the Ministries of the Environment, Health and Social Affairs, Industry and Trade and Finance as well as Statistics Sweden and the National Environmental Protection Agency. An open seminar was held in December 2000 with some 50 participants from government, industry, universities and NGOs, who discussed a first draft of the report and provided valuable input.
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- Fall '18
- DR MAAME ADWOA GYEKYE JANDO
- Ministry of Tourism, Ghana Tourism Authority