A2 Underlying motivations A1a Antipathy for racial equality A1b Desire for

A2 underlying motivations a1a antipathy for racial

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A.2. Underlying motivations A.1.a. Antipathy for racial equality A.1.b. Desire for controllable labor A.2. Reign of Terror A.1.a. Against any perceived threat to white supremacy A.1.b. Against Republicans, black and white
A.1.c. Ku Klux Klan and other secret societies, aka, “military arm of the Democratic party in the South” C. Northern response A.1. Measures to protect blacks' rights A.1.a. Enforcement Acts of 1870 and 1871 A.1.a.i. Outlawed terrorist societies and allowed the president to use the army against them. A.1.a.ii. Defined federal laws that violated civil and political rights (rather than state law) A.1.b. Civil Rights Act of 1875 A.1.b.i. Outlawed racial discrimination in public places. A.2. North’s retreat from Reconstruction during the 1870’s A.1.a. Liberal Republicans were formed A.1.a.i. During the 1872 elections, the Liberal Republicans attacked Reconstruction and called it a failure. A.1.a.ii. Believed that federal power should be curtailed; Trumbull, A.1.a.iii. Nominated Horace Greeley for president A.1.a.iv. Less committed to equal rights for blacks than Radicals were. A.1.b. Resurgence of northern racism A.1.b.i. Believed the New South was corrupts and barbaric due to Negro government. A.1.b.ii. Blacks were blamed for the Reconstruction failure. A.1.c. Economic depression A.1.d. Supreme Court decisions A.1.a.i. Slaughterhouse Cases 1873 – ruled that the 14th amendment did not alter traditional federalism and most citizens rights remained under state control. A.1.a.ii. U.S. v. Cruikshank 1876 - ct threw out conviction of participants in the Colfax Massacre by gutting the Enforcement Acts. D. Death throes of Reconstruction A.1. 1874 Democratic gains in South; called themselves the "Redeemers" to white South from corruption, misgovernment and northern and black control. A.2. Resurgence of terror in state where Reconstruction government remained. (Mississippi) A.3. Rise of electoral fraud A.4. Disputed election of 1876 and Bargain of 1877 (Hayes – Tilden) A.4.a. Bargain of 1877 marked the formal end to Reconstruction. A.5. The end of Reconstruction
Chapter 16 America’s Gilded Age, 1870-1890 Shallow display and worship of weath. I. II. 1886 A. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated in 1886 – to inspire renewed devotion to the nation’s political and economic system. B. Great upheaval – wave of strikes and labor protests across the nation III. Second industrial revolution A. Between the end of the Civil War and the early 20 th century B. Rapid economic growth B.1. Abundant natural resources, B.2. Growing supply of labor B.3. Expanding market for manufactured goods B.4. Available capital for investment. B.5. Federal government promoted industrial/ agricultural development B.5.a. enacted high tariffs to protect industry. B.5.b. Granted land to railroads for construction B.5.c. Used the army to remove Indians from lands for farming/mining. C. Rapid expansion of factory production, mining, and railroad in the US – except the South C.1. By 1880, the majority of work was in non-farming jobs.

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