includes review of related literature and includes review of related literature and statement of hypothesis statement of hypothesis ● Method Method gives description of subjects, instrument used, gives description of subjects, instrument used, procedures procedures ● Results Results describes what the author learned from the describes what the author learned from the experiment, statistics experiment, statistics ● Discussion Discussion talks about the significance of the results talks about the significance of the results
Finding research articles Finding research articles ● Where do you typically look for research articles from scholarly journals?
PsycINFO PsycINFO – 1400+ journals 1400+ journals – Books, chapters, dissertations Books, chapters, dissertations – 27 languages from countries around the world 27 languages from countries around the world – Abstracts Abstracts – Links to full text for many articles Links to full text for many articles
Article is not online! Article is not online! ● What do you do if you can’t find an article online?
From one to many From one to many ● Use references of book or article to find related Use references of book or article to find related sources sources
What is this reference? What is this reference? Bradley, M.M., Culthbert, B.N., & Lang, P.J. (1990). Bradley, M.M., Culthbert, B.N., & Lang, P.J. (1990). Startle reflex modification: Emotion or Startle reflex modification: Emotion or attention? attention? Psychophysiology, 27, Psychophysiology, 27, 513-522. 513-522. This is a: This is a: a. a. Book Book b. b. Journal article Journal article c. c. Article in a book Article in a book
Health Determinants Health Determinants 50% Lifestyle & Behavior 10% Medical Care 20% Environment 20% Human biology Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention © NCHE, 2000
“ “ Health education can contribute Health education can contribute considerably to the attainment of considerably to the attainment of traditional academic goals traditional academic goals .” .” National Health Education Standards, 1997
No knowledge is more crucial than No knowledge is more crucial than knowledge about health. knowledge about health. Without it, no other life goal can Without it, no other life goal can be achieved be achieved . . Carnegie Council On Adolescent Development - 1983
The greatest good is KNOWLEDGE . The greatest evil is IGNORANCE . Socrates
Children are 1/3 of our population, but all of our future .
Health is Academic Because… Health is Academic Because… ● School health programs can help improve students’ educational outcomes ● Helping young people stay healthy is a fundamental part of the mission of our schools
Key Health Risks • Physical inactivity • Poor eating habits • Injuries • Alcohol/drug use • Tobacco use • Sexual risk behaviors • Asthma • Mental health issues Key Educational Risks • Behavioral problems • Short-term in intellectual functioning • Lack of motivation • Lack of connectedness/engagement • Absenteeism Poor Educational Outcomes • Low academic grades • Low standardized test scores • Grade level retention • Dropout
- Fall '08
- Journal of School Health