o stipend Land Law 998 all land was kings I theory but in practice privately

O stipend land law 998 all land was kings i theory

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o stipend Land Law (998); all land was king’s I theory but in practice privately owned by the grantees o Royal Confucian Academy (Nat’l Univ) (992) Aristocratic Ruling Structure of Koryo o King Songjong (983) to Munjong (1076) Koryo Society o Elite Society
! Local Strongmen ! Local Elites ! Former Silla True-Bones ! Alliances lead to dominance by select clans in capital (central elites) ! Hereditary functions/occupations ! Protected appointments ! Civil service examinations o Aristocrats (earliest use of term yangban) o Free-born peasants ! Farm government-owned or aristocracy-owned lands ! Paid rent at ¼ of harvest if government owned or ½ of harvest if privately owned ! Tax basis o Outcast population ! Butchers, wicker workers, entertainers ! Treated socially as slaves ! Tax basis o Slaves ! Owned by the government, temples, officials, private owners ! Similar to Tenant-farmers ! No more than 10% of all land tilled by slaves Koryo Culture o Confucianism o Buddahim: textual vs. meditational ! Koryo Tripitaka (1087,1251) o Geomancy ! Physical location is very important! ! Determines the life of the society and the life of the individual Where to built house? Capital? ! Toson: monk/ geomancer/ advisor o Literature and history ! History of the Three Kingdoms (Samguk sagi) ! Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms (Samguk Yusa) o Arts (celadon) o Moverable metal type (1234)—2 centuries before Gutenberg o History of the Three Kingdoms (samguk sagi) o History as a guide to correct government and personal behavior
o Based on 123 chinese and 69 korean titles o Kim’s desire to affirm Koryo as the legitimate successor to Silla state o Korean history firmly in the peninsula=marginalized koguryo & parhae o Influential in shaping Korean views of themselves and their history o *biased ending up discounting Koguryo and Parhae* Samguk Yusa (memorabilia of the three kingdoms) – MORE OF A FABLE! o Iryon (1206-1289) began Korean history with Tan’gun o One of the two major sources for early Korean history o Contains rich collection of Buddhist legends and tales o Importance of Buddhist morality in Korean thought and literature at the time o Beggars, outcasts, servants and children turned out to be bodhisattvas Koryo Buddhism o Buddhism was integral to early Koryo o State patronage of Buddhism o Elites patronized Buddhism and temples o Buddhist exams o Temples had tax exempt status o National and royal preceptors o Incorporation of shamanism and geomancy o Koryo Tripitaka (1087,1251) ! Woodblock printing of the Tripitaka (Buddhist canon) in classical chinese ! Doctrines of Kyo (Textual) shool of Buddhism ! Plea for help in Khitan invasions ! Destroyed during Mongol invasions ! New edition begun on Kanghwa Island, completed in 1251 ! 1235-1251,81,137 woodblocks (160,000 pages), UNESCO- disturbances of Koryo order o at the time of the zenith of artistocratic culture o king Injong (r.1122-1146) o King Uljong (r.1146-1170) o Yi Chagyom (d.1126): Yejong’s FIL (father in law), Injong’s FIL x2, tried to take throne for himself) o Constant pressure of the Jurchen o Myoch’ong (d.1135)
Myoch’ong’s Rebellion, 1135 o

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